Advertisement

Detecting State Anxiety When Caring for People with Dementia

  • Darien MirandaEmail author
  • Jesus Favela
  • Catalina Ibarra
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9456)

Abstract

The care of people who suffer from dementia imposes significant stress on family members and caregivers. Often, these informal caregivers have no coping strategy to deal with these behaviours. Anxiety and stress episodes are often triggered by problematic behaviours exhibited by the person who suffers from dementia. Helping caregivers understand these behaviours could assist them to better deal with them and reduce caregiver burden. We report an experiment, using the naturalistic enactment technique, in which 10 subjects were asked to care for an older adult who acts as if she experiences dementia. We record physiological signals from the participants (GSR, IBI, EEG) during the sessions, that last for approximately 30 min. A preliminary analysis of the data provides evidence that state anxiety can be detected using wearable sensors. Furthermore, if episodes of problematic behaviours can also be detected, the recognition of anxiety in the caregiver can be improved, leading to the enactment of appropriate interventions to help caregivers cope with anxiety episodes.

Keywords

Behaviour recognition Anxiety detection Dementia care Physiological signals 

References

  1. 1.
    Castro, L.A., Favela, J., García-Peña, C.: Naturalistic enactment to stimulate user experience for the evaluation of a mobile elderly care application. In: Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Human Computer Interaction with Mobile Devices and Services, MobileHCI 2011, pp. 371–380. ACM, New York (2011)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Cooper, C., Katona, C., Orrell, M., Livingston, G.: Coping strategies and anxiety in caregivers of people with alzheimer’s disease: the laser-ad study. J. Affect. Disord. 90(1), 15–20 (2006). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0165032705003034 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Joling, K.J., van Marwijk, H.W., Veldhuijzen, A.E., van der Horst, H.E., Scheltens, P., Smit, F., van Hout, H.P.: The two-year incidence of depression and anxiety disorders in spousal caregivers of persons with dementia: who is at the greatest risk? Am. J. Geriatr. Psychiatry 23(3), 293–303 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Julian, L.J.: Measures of anxiety. Arthritis Care Res. 63(0 11), S467–S472 (2011). doi: 10.1002/acr.20561 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Miranda, D., Calderón, M., Favela, J.: Anxiety detection using wearable monitoring. In: Proceedings of the 5th Mexican Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, MexIHC 2014, pp. 34:34–34:41. ACM, New York (2014). http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/2676690.2676694
  6. 6.
    Navarro, R., Rodriguez, M., Favela, J.: Intervention tailoring in augmented cognition systems for elders with dementia. IEEE J. Biomed. Health Inf. 18(1), 361–367 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ory, M.G., Hoffman, R.R., Yee, J.L., Tennstedt, S., Schulz, R.: Prevalence and impact of caregiving: a detailed comparison between dementia and nondementia caregivers. Gerontologist 39(2), 177–186 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Prince, M., Bryce, R., Albanese, E., Wimo, A., Ribeiro, W., Ferri, C.P.: The global prevalence of dementia: a systematic review and metaanalysis. Alzheimer’s Dement. J. Alzheimer’s Assoc. 9(1), 63–75.e2 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Sadowsky, C.H., Galvin, J.E.: Guidelines for the management of cognitive and behavioral problems in dementia. J. Am. Board Fam. Med. 25(3), 350–366 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Schulz, R., Beach, S.R.: Caregiving as a risk factor for mortality: the caregiver health effects study. Jama 282(23), 2215–2219 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Sturm, V.E., Yokoyama, J.S., Seeley, W.W., Kramer, J.H., Miller, B.L., Rankin, K.P.: Heightened emotional contagion in mild cognitive impairment and alzheimer’s disease is associated with temporal lobe degeneration. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 110(24), 9944–9949 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Tutar, H., Cankurtaran, E., Tekin, P., Caykoylu, A.: The relationship between coping strategies and caregiver burden in caregivers of people with alzheimer’s dementia. Alzheimer’s and Dementia 9(4, Supplement), P484 (2013). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1552526013016452, alzheimers Association International Conference 2013 Alzheimers Association International Conference 2013

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Computer Science DepartmentCICESEEnsenadaMexico

Personalised recommendations