Advertisement

Food Hubs: Connecting Farms with Local and Regional Markets

  • LaDona KniggeEmail author
  • Jacob N. Brimlow
  • Sara S. Metcalf
Chapter
Part of the Geotechnologies and the Environment book series (GEOTECH, volume 14)

Abstract

Food hubs represent an emerging model of food distribution that can connect small and midsize farmers with institutions, schools, and other urban markets by creating new value chains that strengthen the local and regional food system. This study reviews the trends that contribute to the formation of regional food hubs and describes the prospects that they hold for small and midsize farmers. Our discussion is placed in the geographic context of California’s North Sacramento Valley using results from a recent survey of farms operating in the region. We conclude that food hubs create a “sweet spot” in matching supply to demand that is instrumental to building a sustainable food system and restoring opportunities for midsize farm operations.

Keywords

Food hubs Local food Sustainable agriculture Agriculture of the Middle (AOTM) 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The producer survey described in this chapter was supported by a California State University Agricultural Research Institute (ARI) grant and was conducted in conjunction with the CSU, Chico, Center for Healthy Communities.

References

  1. AOTM (Agriculture of the Middle) (2012) Characterizing Ag of the middle and values-based food supply chains. http://www.agofthemiddle.org/archives/2012/01/characterizing.html. Accessed 19 Jan 2015
  2. Barham J, Tropp D, Enterline K, Farbman J, Fisk J, Kiraly S (2012) Regional food Hub resource guide. United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Agricultural Marketing Service, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  3. Brady E, O’Brady C (2008) Consumer considerations and the agriculture in the middle. In: Lyson TA, Stevenson G, Welsh R (eds) Food and the mid-level farm: renewing an agriculture of the middle. The MIT Press, Cambridge, pp 103–117CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Fischer M, Hamm M, Pirog R, Fisk J, Farbman J, Kiraly S (2013) Findings of the 2013 national food hub survey. Michigan State University Center for Regional Food Systems & The Wallace Center at Winrock International, Lansing. www.ngfn.org/resources/ngfndatabase/knowledge/2013%20Food%20Hub%20Survey%20Report.pdf
  5. Hacking H (2015) Chico food hub is up and running, on a small scale. Chico Enterp Rec http://www.chicoer.com/general-news/20150211/chico-food-hub-is-up-and-running-on-a-small-scale. Accessed 13 Feb 2015
  6. Hoppe RA, MacDonald JM (2013) Updating the ERS farm typology, EIB-110, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service. http://www.ams.usda.gov/sites/default/files/media/Regional%20food%20hub%20Resources%20Guide.pdf. Accessed 1 Feb 2015
  7. Hoppe RA, MacDonald JM, Korb P (2010) Small farms in the United States: persistence under pressure. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Washington, DC. http://www.ams.usda.gov/sites/default/files/media/Regional%20food%20hub%20Resources%20Guide.pdf
  8. ICADS (Intervale Center Agricultural Development Services) (2009) Expanding local food production, storage and marketing capacity in Vermont: results from the 2007 farm producer survey. Intervale Center Agricultural Development Services, Burlington. www.intervale.org/wp-content/uploads/IC-2009-Expanding_Local-Food-Production.pdf
  9. Kirschenmann F, Stevenson G, Buttel F, Lyson TA, Duffy M (2008) Why worry about the agriculture of the middle? In: Lyson TA, Stevenson G, Welsh R (eds) Food and the mid-level farm: renewing an agriculture of the middle. MIT Press, Cambridge, pp 3–22CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. LeBlanc JR, Conner D, McRae G, Darby H (2014) Building resilience in nonprofit food hubs. J Agric Food Syst Commun Dev. Advance online publication. http://dx.doi.org/10.5304/jafscd.2014.043.005
  11. Leopold Center of Iowa State University and University of Wisconsin-Madison Center for Integrated Agricultural Systems (2003) Renewing an agriculture-of-the-middle: a three phase national initiative, www.intervale.org/wp-content/uploads/IC-2009-Expanding_Local-Food-Production.pdfBurlington
  12. Lev L, Steenson G (2013) Values-based food supply chains: an introduction to nine case studies. The National Initiative on Agriculture of the Middle, AmesGoogle Scholar
  13. Low SA, Vogel S (2011) Direct and intermediated marketing of local foods in the United States. ERR-128, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Washington, DC, November 2011Google Scholar
  14. Low SA, Adalja A, Beaulieu E, Key N, Martinez S, Melton A, Perez A, Ralston K, Stewart H, Suttles S, Vogel S, Jablonski B (2015) Trends in U.S. local and regional food systems. APO68, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Washington, DC, January 2015Google Scholar
  15. Lyson TA (2004) Civic agriculture: reconnecting farm, food and community. Tufts University Press, MedfordGoogle Scholar
  16. Lyson TA, Stevenson GW, Welsh R (eds) (2008) Food and the mid-level farm: renewing an agriculture of the middle. MIT Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  17. Matson J. Sullins M, Cook C (2013) The role of food hubs in local food marketing. U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) rural development service report 73Google Scholar
  18. Northern California Regional Land Trust (n.d.) Feasibility study: food hub – creating local food systems. Morrison & Co. http://morrisonco.net/case-studies/northern-california-regional-land-trust/. Accessed 6 May 2015
  19. Peterson HH, Selfa T, Janke R (2010) Barriers and opportunities for sustainable food systems in northeastern Kansas. Sustainability 2:232–251. doi: 10.3390/su2010232 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Rushing J, Ruehle J (2012) Buying into the local food movement. A.T. Kearney, New York. https://www.atkearney.com/documents/10192/709903/Buying+into+the+Local+Food+Movement.pdf/68091049-b5c2-4d2a-a770-ee5b703da8fd
  21. U. S. Department of Agriculture National Agricultural Statistics Service (2007) 2007 census of agriculture: small farms. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • LaDona Knigge
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jacob N. Brimlow
    • 2
  • Sara S. Metcalf
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Geography and PlanningCalifornia State University at ChicoChicoUSA
  2. 2.College of AgricultureCalifornia State University at ChicoChicoUSA
  3. 3.Department of GeographyThe State University of New York at BuffaloBuffaloUSA

Personalised recommendations