Advertisement

Representing Time for the Semantic Web

  • Sotiris Batsakis
  • Ilias TachmazidisEmail author
  • Grigoris Antoniou
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9426)

Abstract

Representation of temporal information for the Semantic Web often involves qualitative defined information (i.e., information described using natural language terms such as “before”), since precise dates are not always available in addition to quantitative defined temporal information. This work proposes several representations for time points and intervals in ontologies by means of OWL properties and reasoning rules in SWRL embedded into the ontology. Although qualitative representations for interval and point relations exist, in addition to quantitative ones, this is the first work proposing representations combining qualitative and quantitative information for the Semantic Web. In addition to this, several existing and proposed approaches are compared using different reasoners and experimental results are presented in detail. Experimental results illustrate that reasoning performance differs greatly between different representations and reasoners. To the best of our knowledge this is the first such experimental evaluation of both qualitative and quantitative Semantic Web temporal representations.

Keywords

Temporal representation and reasoning Semantic Web Rules 

References

  1. 1.
    Batsakis, S., Petrakis, E.G.M.: SOWL: a framework for handling spatio-temporal information in OWL 2.0. In: Bassiliades, N., Governatori, G., Paschke, A. (eds.) RuleML 2011 - Europe. LNCS, vol. 6826, pp. 242–249. Springer, Heidelberg (2011) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Batsakis, S., Stravoskoufos, K., Petrakis, E.G.M.: Temporal reasoning for supporting temporal queries in OWL 2.0. In: 15th International Conference on Knowledge-Based and Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems (KES 2011), pp. 558–567 (2011)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Allen, J.F.: Maintaining knowledge about temporal intervals. Commun. ACM 26(11), 832–843 (1983)zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Renz, J., Nebel, B.: Qualitative spatial reasoning using constraint calculi. In: Handbook of Spatial Logics, pp. 161–215, Springer, Netherlands (2007)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Horrocks, I., Kutz, O., Sattler, U.: The even more irresistible SROIQ. In: Proceedings of the KR 2006, Lake District, UK (2006)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    van Beek, P., Cohen, R.: Exact and approximate reasoning about temporal relations. Comput. Intell. 6(3), 132–147 (1990)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hobbs, J.R., Pan, F.: Time ontology in OWL. W3C Working Draft, September 2006Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Nebel, B., Burckert, H.J.: Reasoning about temporal relations: a maximal tractable subclass of Allen’s interval algebra. J. ACM (JACM) 42(1), 43–66 (1995)zbMATHMathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Preventis, A., Makri, X., Petrakis, E., Batsakis, S.: CHRONOS Ed: a tool for handling temporal ontologies in protégé. Int. J. Artif. Intell. Tools 23(4) (2014)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Noy, N., Rector, A., Hayes, P., Welty, C.: Defining N-ary relations on the semantic web. W3C Working Group Note, 12 April 2006Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Batsakis, S., Antoniou, G., Tachmazidis, I.: Integrated representation of temporal intervals and durations for the semantic web. In: Bassiliades, N., Ivanovic, M., Kon-Popovska, M., Manolopoulos, Y., Palpanas, T., Trajcevski, G., Vakali, A. (eds.) New Trends in Database and Information Systems II. AISC, vol. 312, pp. 147–158. Springer, Heidelberg (2015) Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Sirin, E., Parsia, B., Grau, B.C., Kalyanpur, A., Katz, Y.: Pellet: a practical owl-dl reasoner. Web Semant.: Sci. Serv. Agent. World Wide Web 5(2), 51–53 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Shearer, R., Motik, B., Horrocks, I.: HermiT: a highly-efficient OWL reasoner. In: OWLED, vol. 432 (2008)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Ermolayev, V., Batsakis, S., Keberle, N., Tatarintseva, O., Antoniou, G.: Ontologies of time: review and trends. Int. J. Comput. Sci. Appl. 11(3), 57–115 (2014)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sotiris Batsakis
    • 1
  • Ilias Tachmazidis
    • 1
    Email author
  • Grigoris Antoniou
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of InformaticsUniversity of HuddersfieldHuddersfieldUK

Personalised recommendations