Advertisement

Tehran: A Call for Spatial Justice

  • Zahra AziziEmail author
  • Mahya Fatemi
Chapter
Part of the The Urban Book Series book series (UBS)

Abstract

Placed among a blend of geographic collages and augmented landscapes, societies are continuously striving for security, equality and drawing fair and democratic boundaries while injustice embeds itself into space. The phenomenon of the ‘city’ and ‘urban life’ is born through the evolving process of the satisfaction of social primary and secondary needs. Overcoming basic needs in life, calls for a profound personal spiritual fulfilment, sometimes seeking a powerful definition of existence. Needs lead to the formation of traditions that entail the repetition of desires. Through the continuity of a functioning social structure, urban fabrics come to being. Consequently, space is socially produced along with justice over time. Just or unjust behaviour manifested into space is a clear result of our decision making; whether personal, economic or political. Implementing one of the most precious yet neglected factors of human rights, the freedom to shape and reshape ourselves and the city, a collective force beyond that of the lone individual is required. Tehran, welcoming rural migrants for decades, is a collection of a widening social gap through various divisions including class and social background. Like every living entity a city can reach the brink of a nervous breakdown and there is a breaking point, for Tehran, that point is now. If she is pushed too far, one day she might just push back. For Tehran this chapter aims to extract opportunities, situations, ideals and dreams of a nation with an eye for beauty and a taste for socio-economic happiness through the lens of seeking spatial justice.

Keywords

Right to the city Tehran Spatial justice Social structures Uneven development 

References

  1. Harvey D (1978) The urban process under capitalism: a framework for analysis. Int J Urban Reg Res 2:101–131 Google Scholar
  2. Harvey D (1993) Social justice, postmodernism and the city. Int J Urban Reg Res 16:588–601Google Scholar
  3. Harvey D (2003) Debates and developments. Right to the city. Int J Urban Reg Res 27(4):939–941Google Scholar
  4. Lefebvre H, Kofman E (1996) Writings on cities. Wiley, HobokenGoogle Scholar
  5. Logan W (2000) Hanoi: biography of a city. University of Washington Press, WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  6. Madanipour A (1998) Tehran: the making of a metropolis. Wiley, ChichesterGoogle Scholar
  7. Madanipour A (2006) Urban planning and development in Tehran. Cities 23(6):433–438CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Mitchell D (2003) The right to the city: social justice and the fight for public space. The Guilford Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  9. Soja EW (2010) Seeking spatial justice. University of Minnesota Press, MinneapolisGoogle Scholar
  10. Soja EW, Kanai JM (2007) The urbanization of the world. In: Burdett R, Sudjic D (eds) The endless city. Phaidon, New York, pp 54–69Google Scholar
  11. Tehran on the path of growth and justice Booklet, May 2012. The Municipality of Tehran Press, TehranGoogle Scholar
  12. The Javanmardaan Boustan booklet for the opening night, July 2012. The Municipality of Tehran Press, TehranGoogle Scholar
  13. Young IM (1990) Justice and the politics of difference. Princeton University Press, PrincetonGoogle Scholar
  14. Young I (1991) Justice and the politics of difference. Princeton University Press, PrincetonGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Akaran ArchitectsUniversity College LondonLondonUK
  2. 2.The Bartlett Development Planning UnitUniversity College LondonLondonUK

Personalised recommendations