Hierarchical Simulation of the German Energy System and Houses with PV and Storage Systems

  • Peter BazanEmail author
  • Marco Pruckner
  • David Steber
  • Reinhard German
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9424)


The increase of renewable energies leads to new solutions in the field of decentralized energy storage. Houses with photovoltaic systems and battery storage systems can provide services for the power grid. But the isolated examination of only a few houses neglects the interaction of the houses with the power grid. We combine a model of the German energy system and a model of houses with photovoltaics and batteries. The two coupled hierarchical simulation models are then used to study different scenarios regarding the extension of renewable energy sources in Bavaria. Due to differences between the forecasted and real residual load and restrictions in the transmission grid, provision of control power is needed. The case studies show the amount of control power that will be provided by the houses with battery storage systems. In addition, the impacts on the electricity costs per year for a house are shown.


Hierarchical modeling Electrical energy system Renewable energy Control power Storage system Model aggregation Hybrid simulation 



Peter Bazan and David Steber are also members of “Energie Campus Nürnberg”, Fürther Str. 250, 90429 Nürnberg, Germany. Their research was performed as part of the “Energie Campus Nürnberg” and supported by funding through the “Aufbruch Bayern (Bavaria on the move)” initiative of the Bavarian state.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Bazan
    • 1
    Email author
  • Marco Pruckner
    • 1
  • David Steber
    • 1
  • Reinhard German
    • 1
  1. 1.Computer Networks and Communication SystemsUniversity of Erlangen-NurembergErlangenGermany

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