The State of MOOCs from 2008 to 2014: A Critical Analysis and Future Visions

  • Ahmed Mohamed Fahmy YousefEmail author
  • Mohamed Amine Chatti
  • Ulrik Schroeder
  • Marold Wosnitza
  • Harald Jakobs
Conference paper
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 510)


Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) are providing limitless opportunities for thousands of learners to participate in free higher education courses online. Indeed, MOOCs have drastically changed the way we learn as well as how we teach. MOOCs have unique features that make it an effective Technology-Enhanced Learning (TEL) approach in higher education and beyond. The number of academic research around MOOCs has grown rapidly in the last few years. The purpose of this paper is to compile and analyze the state of MOOC research that has been conducted from 2008–2014. A template analysis was used to map the conducted studies on MOOCs into seven dimensions, namely concept, design, learning theories, case studies, business model, targets groups, and assessment. This classification schema aims at providing a comprehensive overview for readers who are interested in MOOCs to foster a common understanding of key concepts in this emerging field. The paper further identifies critical challenges that have yet to be addressed and suggests opportunities for future work in the area of MOOCs that will support communication between researchers as they seek to address these challenges.


Massive open online courses MOOCs OER Learning theories Blended learning Challenges 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ahmed Mohamed Fahmy Yousef
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mohamed Amine Chatti
    • 1
  • Ulrik Schroeder
    • 1
  • Marold Wosnitza
    • 2
  • Harald Jakobs
    • 3
  1. 1.Learning Technologies Group (Informatik 9)RWTH-Aachen UniversityAachenGermany
  2. 2.School Pedagogy and Educational ResearchRWTH-Aachen UniversityAachenGermany
  3. 3.Center for Innovative Learning Technologies (CIL)RWTH-Aachen UniversityAachenGermany

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