Human Sensors

  • Vassilis KostakosEmail author
  • Jakob Rogstadius
  • Denzil Ferreira
  • Simo Hosio
  • Jorge Goncalves
Part of the Understanding Complex Systems book series (UCS)


This chapter provides an overview of how humans can themselves act as sensors—human sensing—for data collection by considering a variety of scenarios. We start by providing a survey of literature, followed by proposed guidelines, and lastly discussing case studies which exemplify using humans for sensing and data collection. We present human sensing in three technical domains:


Intrinsic Motivation Civic Engagement Sentiment Analysis Extrinsic Motivation Search Volume 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This work is partially funded by the Academy of Finland (Grants 276786-AWARE, 285062-iCYCLE, 286386-CPDSS, 285459-iSCIENCE), the European Commission (Grants PCIG11-GA-2012-322138 and 645706-GRAGE), an IBM Open Collaboration Research Award, and by the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (Grant CMU-PT/SE/0028/2008).


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vassilis Kostakos
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jakob Rogstadius
    • 2
  • Denzil Ferreira
    • 1
  • Simo Hosio
    • 1
  • Jorge Goncalves
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Ubiquitous ComputingUniversity of OuluOuluFinland
  2. 2.Madeira Institute of Interactive TechnologiesUniversity of MadeiraFunchalPortugal

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