Case Study of Public Health
Umbrella reviews are an established method of locating, appraising, and synthesising systematic review-level evidence. Umbrella review methodology is though only just beginning to emerge as a well-used technique in public health research. This chapter therefore summarises some of the first umbrella reviews conducted in the field of public health with a thematic focus on the social determinants of health and how interventions might affect health inequalities. The chapter discusses some of the cross-cutting methodological and thematic lessons learned from this body of work and concludes by suggesting new directions for umbrella reviews within the field.
KeywordsHealth inequality Overview of reviews Public health Social determinants of health Umbrella review
- 1.Becker L, Oxman A. Overviews of reviews. In: Higgins J, Green S, editors. Cochrane handbook for systematic reviews of interventions. British Medical Journal, London. 2008; p. 607–32.Google Scholar
- 4.Petticrew M, Roberts H. Evidence, hierarchies, and typologies: horses for courses. J Epidemiol Community Health. British Medical Journal, London; 2003;57:527–9.Google Scholar
- 5.Joyce K, Pabayo R, Critchley JA, Bambra C. Flexible working conditions and their effects on employee health and wellbeing. Cochrane Library. 2010;2.Google Scholar
- 14.Marmot M. Introduction. In: Marmot M, Wilkinson RG, editors. Social determinants of health. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2006. p. 1–5.Google Scholar
- 16.Graham H, Kelly MP. Health inequalities: concepts, frameworks and policy. London: Health Development Agency; 2004. Available at: http://www.nice.org.uk/aboutnice/whoweare/aboutthehda/evidencebase/keypapers/papersthatinformandsupporttheevidencebase/health_inequalities_concepts_frameworks_and_policy__briefing_paper.jsp. Accessed 24 Mar 2015.
- 17.Bambra C, Hillier F, Cairns J, Kasim A, Moore H, Summerbell C. How effective are interventions at reducing socioeconomic inequalities in obesity among children and adults? Two systematic reviews. Public Health Res. 2015;3(1).Google Scholar
- 18.Bambra C. Work, worklessness and the political economy of health. Oxford/New York: Oxford University Press; Oxford 2011.Google Scholar
- 19.Barr B, Bambra C, Smith KE. For the good of the cause: generating evidence to inform social policies that reduce health inequalities. In: Smith KE, Hill S, Bambra C, editors. Health inequalities: critical perspectives. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2015.Google Scholar