Advertisement

Probolino: A Portable Low-Cost Social Device for Home-Based Autism Therapy

  • Hoang-Long Cao
  • Cristina Pop
  • Ramona Simut
  • Raphaël Furnemónt
  • Albert De Beir
  • Greet Van de Perre
  • Pablo Gómez Esteban
  • Dirk Lefeber
  • Bram Vanderborght
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9388)

Abstract

Recent research has shown that social robots are beneficial in therapeutic interventions for children with autism in clinical environment. For the generalization of the skills learned in therapy sessions outside the clinic or laboratory, the therapeutic process needs to be continued at home. Therefore, social robotic devices should be designed with smaller sizes, lower costs, and higher levels of autonomy. This paper presents the development of Probolino, a portable and low-cost social robotic device based on the social robot Probo. The system functions as a “robotic cognitive orthotic” which is an intermediate step between a computer and a robot without motion. Interactive games are developed to help children with autism spectrum disorders make social decisions in daily activities. These activities are configured in a time-line by therapists or parents via a web interface. Probolino is expected to enhance the efficiency of current robot-assisted autism therapy.

Keywords

Social robotic device Robot-assisted autism therapy 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Booth, R., Happé, F.: Hunting with a knife and fork: Examining central coherence in autism, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, and typical development with a linguistic task. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology 107(4), 377–393 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bryan, L.C., Gast, D.L.: Teaching on-task and on-schedule behaviors to high-functioning children with autism via picture activity schedules. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 30(6), 553–567 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Cao, H.-L., Van de Perre, G., Simut, R., Pop, C., Peca, A., Lefeber, D., Vanderborght, B.: Enhancing my keepon robot: A simple and low-cost solution for robot platform in human-robot interaction studies. In: The 23rd IEEE International Symposium on Robot and Human Interactive Communication, RO-MAN 2014, pp. 555–560. IEEE (2014)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Colton, M.B., Ricks, D.J., Goodrich, M.A., Dariush, B., Fujimura, K., Fujiki, M.: Toward therapist-in-the-loop assistive robotics for children with autism and specific language impairment. In: AISB New Frontiers in Human-Robot Interaction Symposium, vol. 24, p. 25. Citeseer (2009)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Dautenhahn, K., Nehaniv, C.L., Walters, M.L., Robins, B., Kose-Bagci, H., Mirza, N.A., Blow, M.: KASPAR-a minimally expressive humanoid robot for HRI research. Applied Bionics and Biomechanics 6(3–4), 369–397 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Faherty, C.: Asperger’s... What Does It Mean to Me?: A Workbook Explaining Self Awareness and Life Lessons to the Child Or Youth with High Functioning Autism Or Aspergers. Future Horizons (2000)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Feil-Seifer, D., Mataric, M.: Robot-assisted therapy for children with autism spectrum disorders. In: Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Interaction Design and Children, pp. 49–52. ACM (2008)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Goris, K., Saldien, J., Vanderborght, B., Lefeber, D.: Mechanical design of the huggable robot Probo. International Journal of Humanoid Robotics 8(03), 481–511 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Gregory, J., Howard, A., Boonthum-Denecke, C.: Wii nunchuk controlled dance pleo! dance! to assist children with cerebral palsy by play therapy. In: FLAIRS Conference (2012)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Happé, F., Frith, U.: The weak coherence account: detail-focused cognitive style in autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 36(1), 5–25 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kim, E.S., Berkovits, L.D., Bernier, E.P., Leyzberg, D., Shic, F., Paul, R., Scassellati, B.: Social robots as embedded reinforcers of social behavior in children with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 43(5), 1038–1049 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kokina, A., Kern, L.: Social Story interventions for students with autism spectrum disorders: A meta-analysis. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 40(7), 812–826 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kozima, H., Nakagawa, C., Yasuda, Y.: Children-robot interaction: a pilot study in autism therapy. Progress in Brain Research 164, 385–400 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Massey, N.G., Wheeler, J.J.: Acquisition and generalization of activity schedules and their effects on task engagement in a young child with autism in an inclusive pre-school classroom. Education and Training in Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities, 326–335 (2000)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Mesibov, G.B., Browder, D.M., Kirkland, C.: Using individualized schedules as a component of positive behavioral support for students with developmental disabilities. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions 4(2), 73–79 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Mesibov, G.B., Shea, V., Schopler, E.: The TEACCH approach to autism spectrum disorders. Springer Science & Business Media (2004)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Pioggia, G., Sica, M., Ferro, M., Igliozzi, R., Muratori, F., Ahluwalia, A., De Rossi, D.: Human-robot interaction in autism: FACE, an android-based social therapy. In: The 16th IEEE International Symposium on Robot and Human Interactive Communication, pp. 605–612. IEEE (2007)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Pop, C.A., Simut, R., Pintea, S., Saldien, J., Rusu, A., David, D., Vanderfaeillie, J., Lefeber, D., Vanderborght, B.: Can the social robot Probo help children with autism to identify situation-based emotions? A series of single case experiments. International Journal of Humanoid Robotics 10(03), (2013)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Reynhout, G., Carter, M.: The use of Social Stories by teachers and their perceived efficacy. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders 3(1), 232–251 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Ricks, D.J., Colton, M.B.: Trends and considerations in robot-assisted autism therapy. In: 2010 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), pp. 4354–4359 (2010)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Robins, B., Dautenhahn, K., Boerkhorst, R.T., Billard, A.: Robots as assistive technology-does appearance matter? In: The 13th IEEE International Workshop on Robot and Human Interactive Communication, pp. 277–282. IEEE (2004)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Saldien, J., Goris, K., Vanderborght, B., Vanderfaeillie, J., Lefeber, D.: Expressing emotions with the social robot Probo. International Journal of Social Robotics 2(4), 377–389 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Scassellati, B.: How social robots will help us to diagnose, treat, and understand autism. In: Robotics Research, pp. 552–563. Springer (2007)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Scassellati, B., Admoni, H., Mataric, M.: Robots for use in autism research. Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering 14, 275–294 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Tapus, A., Peca, A., Aly, A., Pop, C., Jisa, L., Pintea, S., Rusu, A., David, D.: Children with autism social engagement in interaction with Nao, an imitative robot-A series of single case experiments. Interaction Studies 13(3), 315–347 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    The Gray Center. What are social stories? (2013). http://www.thegraycenter.org/social-stories/what-are-social-stories
  27. 27.
    Thill, S., Pop, C.A., Belpaeme, T., Ziemke, T., Vanderborght, B.: Robot-assisted therapy for autism spectrum disorders with (partially) autonomous control: Challenges and outlook. Paladyn 3(4), 209–217 (2012)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Van Bourgondien, M.E., Reichle, N.C., Schopler, E.: Effects of a model treatment approach on adults with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 33(2), 131–140 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Vanderborght, B., Simut, R., Saldien, J., Pop, C., Rusu, A.S., Pintea, S., Lefeber, D., David, D.O.: Using the social robot Probo as a social story telling agent for children with ASD. Interaction Studies 13(3), 348–372 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Vandevelde, C., Saldien, J., Ciocci, M.-C., Vanderborght, B.: Systems overview of ono. In: Herrmann, G., Pearson, M.J., Leonards, U., Lenz, A., Bremner, P., Spiers, A. (eds.) ICSR 2013. LNCS, vol. 8239, pp. 311–320. Springer, Heidelberg (2013) CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Open Access This chapter is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License, which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hoang-Long Cao
    • 1
  • Cristina Pop
    • 3
  • Ramona Simut
    • 2
  • Raphaël Furnemónt
    • 1
  • Albert De Beir
    • 1
  • Greet Van de Perre
    • 1
  • Pablo Gómez Esteban
    • 1
  • Dirk Lefeber
    • 1
  • Bram Vanderborght
    • 1
  1. 1.Robotics & Multibody Mechanics Research GroupVrije Universiteit BrusselBrusselsBelgium
  2. 2.Department of Clinical and Life Span Psychology GroupVrije Universiteit BrusselBrusselsBelgium
  3. 3.Department of Clinical Psychology and PsychotherapyBabes-Bolyai UniversityCluj-NapocaRomania

Personalised recommendations