• M. Elizabeth Oates
  • Vincent L. Sorrell


The hepatobiliary system is the primary route of clearance of the99mTc MPI radiopharmaceuticals. The degree of liver visualization depends on liver function, composition (e.g., scarring), interval between radiopharmaceutical administration and imaging, and type of stress performed. Liver shape and size can be readily evaluated. The degree of uptake within a hepatic neoplasm is variable, and lesions can appear “hot” or “cold.” Localized hepatic activity adjacent to the (nonfilling) gallbladder fossa may signal complicated acute cholecystitis.


Hepatic Neoplasm Primary Route Hepatobiliary System Polycystic Liver Disease Gallbladder Fossa 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Elizabeth Oates
    • 1
  • Vincent L. Sorrell
    • 2
  1. 1.Division of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging Department of RadiologyUniversity of KentuckyLexingtonUSA
  2. 2.Division of Cardiovascular Medicine Department of Internal Medicine Gill Heart InstituteUniversity of KentuckyLexingtonUSA

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