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Circadian Rhythms in Stem Cell Biology and Function

  • Pieterjan Dierickx
  • Bastiaan Du Pré
  • Dries A. M. Feyen
  • Niels Geijsen
  • Toon van Veen
  • Pieter A. Doevendans
  • Linda W. Van Laake
Chapter
Part of the Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine book series (STEMCELL)

Abstract

The mammalian circadian clock is a time-keeping system that adapts the body physiology to light/dark cycles with a period of 24 hours. It consists of a central clock in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) within the brain, and peripheral clocks in multiple other tissues. While the central clock is entrained by light, peripheral clocks are kept in synchrony by the SCN via humoral factors, metabolites and body temperature. Additionally, SCN independent determinants like food and physical activity influence peripheral clocks that can therefore oscillate in a cell-autonomous manner.

The circadian clock has been implicated in various processes such as cell cycle, cell differentiation, metabolism, aging, and regeneration. Indeed, impairment of the clock leads to defects ranging from sleep, metabolic and cardiovascular disorders to premature aging and even the development of cancer. Concerning cardiac regenerative therapy, stem cells show a tremendous potential to improve heart function after impairment. Interestingly, the circadian clock modulates stem cell dormancy, mobilization and proliferation. In this chapter we review the function of circadian rhythms in stem cells and their derivatives. We outline their implication in regeneration, with a focus on how the circadian clock influences myocardial biology and how it might improve cardiac therapy.

Keywords

Circadian rhythms Stem cells Core clock machinery Cell cycle Cardiomyocytes 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pieterjan Dierickx
    • 1
    • 2
  • Bastiaan Du Pré
    • 2
    • 3
  • Dries A. M. Feyen
    • 4
  • Niels Geijsen
    • 2
    • 5
  • Toon van Veen
    • 3
  • Pieter A. Doevendans
    • 1
  • Linda W. Van Laake
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Division of Heart and Lungs, Department of CardiologyUniversity Medical Center UtrechtUtrechtThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Hubrecht Institute-KNAW and University Medical CenterUtrechtThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Division of Heart and Lungs, Department of Medical PhysiologyUniversity Medical Center UtrechtUtrechtThe Netherlands
  4. 4.Division Heart and Lung, Cardiology, Experimental Cardiology LaboratoryUniversity Medical Center UtrechtUtrechtThe Netherlands
  5. 5.Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Clinical Sciences of Companion AnimalsUtrecht UniversityUtrechtThe Netherlands

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