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Conductive Polymer Hydrogels

  • Damia MawadEmail author
  • Antonio Lauto
  • Gordon G. Wallace
Chapter
Part of the Springer Series on Polymer and Composite Materials book series (SSPCM)

Abstract

Combining electrical properties with synthetic scaffolds such as hydrogels is an attractive approach for the design of the ideal synthetic soft tissue, one that mimics the architecture of the native extracellular matrix and provides the electronic functionality needed for cell–cell communication. Conducting polymers (CPs) are carbon-based polymers that are electronically active and consequently are being investigated as the structural material for fabrication of electroactive hydrogels. CPs are attractive in that they could be processed in various forms, their chemistry could be modified to introduce different functionalities and most important is their capability to conduct electrons. In this chapter, electroconductive hydrogels (ECHs) fabricated from CP either as a single component or as an additive to conventional hydrogel networks are reviewed.

Keywords

Conducting polymer Hydrogel Electroconductive Single component Hybrid 

Abbreviations

3D

Three dimensional

AC

Alternating current

ADH

Adipoyl dihydrazide

APS

Ammonium persulfate

BF

Basic fuchsine

CCG

Chemically converted graphene

CNT

Carbon nanotube

CP

Conducting polymer

CTAB

Cetyl trimethyl ammonium bromide

DC

Direct current

DCC

N,N′-dicyclohexylcarbodiimide

DCI

1,1′-carbonyldiimidazole

ECH

Electroconductive hydrogel

Fmoc

N-fluorenylmethoxycarbonyl

FP

Phenylalanine

FTIR

Fourier transform infrared

Gd3+

Gadolinium ion

GO

Graphene oxide

hMSC

Human mesenchymal stem cell

IC

Inhibitory concentration

LMWG

Low molecular weight gelator

MO

Sodium 4-[4′-(dimethylamino)phenyldiazo] phenylsulfonate

PANI

Poly(aniline)

PBS

Phosphate buffer solution

PCLF

Polycaprolactone fumarate

PEDOT

Poly(ethylenedioxythiophene)

PEG

Poly(ethylene glycol)

PMDIG

5,5′-(1,3,5,7-tetraoxopyrrolo[3,4-f]isoindole-2,6-diyl)diisophthalic acid

PPy

Polypyrrole

POWT

Poly(3-((S)-5-amino-5-carboxyl-3-oxapentyl)-2,5-thiophene) hydrochloride

PTAA

Poly(3-thiophene acetic acid)

PTh

Polythiophene

QCM

Quartz crystal microbalance

rGO

Reduced graphene oxide

ROS

Reactive oxygen species

SEM

Scanning electron microscopy

SWNT

Single wall nanotube

Notes

Acknowledgements

D.M. would like to acknowledge the Marie Curie International Incoming Fellowship for financial support. G.G.W. acknowledges the support of an ARC Australian Laureate Fellowship.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Damia Mawad
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Antonio Lauto
    • 3
  • Gordon G. Wallace
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of MaterialsImperial College LondonLondonUK
  2. 2.School of Materials Science and EngineeringUNSWSydneyAustralia
  3. 3.Bioelectronics and Neuroscience (BENS) Research GroupUniversity of Western SydneySydneyAustralia
  4. 4.Intelligent Polymer Research Institute, ARC Center of Excellence for Electromaterials ScienceUniversity of WollongongWollongongAustralia

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