Carboxylic Acids Plasma Membrane Transporters in Saccharomyces cerevisiae
This chapter covers the functionally characterized plasma membrane carboxylic acids transporters Jen1, Ady2, Fps1 and Pdr12 in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, addressing also their homologues in other microorganisms, as filamentous fungi and bacteria. Carboxylic acids can either be transported into the cells, to be used as nutrients, or extruded in response to acid stress conditions. The secondary active transporters Jen1 and Ady2 can mediate the uptake of the anionic form of these substrates by a H+-symport mechanism. The undissociated form of carboxylic acids is lipid-soluble, crossing the plasma membrane by simple diffusion. Furthermore, acetic acid can also be transported by facilitated diffusion via Fps1 channel. At the cytoplasmic physiological pH, the anionic form of the acid prevails and it can be exported by the Pdr12 pump. This review will highlight the mechanisms involving carboxylic acids transporters, and the way they operate according to the yeast cell response to environmental changes, as carbon source availability, extracellular pH and acid stress conditions.
KeywordsCarboxylic acids Plasma membrane transporters Yeast Jen1 Ady2 Pdr12 Fps1
This work was supported by FCT I.P. through the strategic funding UID/BIA/04050/2013 and the project PTDC/BIA-MIC/5184/2014. D.R and G.T. acknowledge FCT for the SFRH/BD/96166/2013 and SFRH/BD/86221/2012, respectively.
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