Extra Corporal Membrane Oxygenation and Extracorporeal Life Support

  • Jon Van HornEmail author


Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) and extracorporeal life support are the techniques, procedures, and encompassing care in providing oxygenation and the removal of CO2 through an external circuit in patients who require complete pulmonary or cardiopulmonary support. ECMO has historically been used in neonates who require similar support, but recently has been used more frequently in adults when conventional modalities are failing or as a bridge to transplant.


Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation Extracorporeal life support ECMO ECLS 


  1. 1.
    Annich, G. ECMO: extracorporeal cardiopulmonary support in critical care. 4th edn. 2012.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Anatomy of an percutaneous ECMO cannulation (femoral vein cannulation): Part I. 2014.
  3. 3.
    Short, BL. ECMO specialist training manual.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Martinez G, Vuylsteke A. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in adults. Contin Educ Anaesth Crit Care Pain. 2012;12:57–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Zangrillo A, Biondi-Zoccai G, Landoni G, Frati G, Patroniti N, Pesenti A, Pappalardo F. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in patients with H1N1 influenza infection: a systematic review and meta-analysis including 8 studies and 266 patients receiving ECMO. Crit Care. 2013;17:R30.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Russo MJ, Merlo A, Eton D, Patel PJ, Fedson S, Anderson A, Shah A, Jeevanandam V. Successful use of ECMO in a Jehovah’s witness after complicated re-heart transplant. ASAIO J. 2013;59(5):528–9.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Trauma Services, Legacy Emanuel and Randall Children’s HospitalPortlandUSA

Personalised recommendations