WebGIS-Based Approach to Simulate Water and Solute Fluxes in the Miyun Basin in China

  • Ralph MeissnerEmail author
  • Michael Gebel
  • Jens Hagenau
  • Stefan Halbfass
  • Paul Engelke
  • Mathias Giessler
  • Shuhuai Duan
  • Bingjun Lu
  • Xiaoyan Wang


The Miyun reservoir, located approximately 100 km North-East of the Beijing municipality, is one of the main surface water supply sources for the 20 million people living in this metropolitan area. For a variety of anthropogenic and natural reasons the Miyun reservoir suffers from increasing water quantity and quality problems. Over the past 20 years the reservoir water level has declined by 10 m and the water quality status is classified as “mesotrophic” with a tendency to “eutrophic”. This means the water does not fulfil the requirements for use as drinking water. This book chapter describes the bottom-up research strategy for monitoring and modelling water and solute fluxes in the catchment as a basic precondition to establish sustainable management strategies. It focuses on the connection of hydrological investigations from plot to field via sub-catchment scale and meso-scale modelling in the Miyun catchment area with the STOFFBILANZ model. It is demonstrated how this model was adapted to the natural conditions of Northern China. Based on practical examples of land use change strategies and improvement of wastewater treatment the use of the model to calculate different scenarios to reduce non-point and point source pollution in the Miyun catchment area will be shown.


Water protection Diffuse pollution Hydrological measuring system Lysimeter Modelling 



The study was funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF; FKZ 02WM1047, 02WM1048, 02WM1049). We would like to thank all colleagues from the Chinese and German partner institutions for their cooperation and support during the investigations. The intellectual content of the paper is the responsibility of the authors.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ralph Meissner
    • 1
    Email author
  • Michael Gebel
    • 2
  • Jens Hagenau
    • 1
  • Stefan Halbfass
    • 2
  • Paul Engelke
    • 3
  • Mathias Giessler
    • 3
  • Shuhuai Duan
    • 4
  • Bingjun Lu
    • 4
  • Xiaoyan Wang
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Soil PhysicsHelmholtz Centre for Environmental Research-UFZAltmaerkische WischeGermany
  2. 2.Society for Applied Landscape Research (GALF) bRDresdenGermany
  3. 3.Rostock University, Institute of Environmental EngineeringRostockGermany
  4. 4.Beijing Soil and Water Conservation Center (BWA)BeijingChina
  5. 5.College of Resources, Environment and TourismCapital Normal UniversityBeijingChina

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