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Soft-Split Sparse Regression Based Random Forest for Predicting Future Clinical Scores of Alzheimer’s Disease

  • Lei HuangEmail author
  • Yaozong Gao
  • Yan JinEmail author
  • Kim-Han Thung
  • Dinggang Shen
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9352)

Abstract

In this study, we propose a novel sparse regression based random forest (RF) to predict future clinical scores of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) with the baseline scores and the MRI features. To avoid the stair-like decision boundary caused by axis-aligned split function in the conventional RF, we present a supervised method to construct the oblique split function by using sparse regression to select the informative features and transform the original features into the target-like features that are more discriminative. Then, we construct the oblique splitting function by applying the principal component analysis (PCA) on the transformed target-like features. Furthermore, to reduce the negative impact of potential mis-split induced by the conventional “hard-split”, we further introduce the “soft-split” technique, in which both left and right nodes are visited with certain weights given a test sample. The experiment results show that sparse regression based RF alone can improve the prediction performance of the conventional RF. And further improvement can be achieved when both of the techniques are combined.

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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Open Access This chapter is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 2.5 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.5/), which permits any noncommercial use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license and indicate if changes were made.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Radiology and BRIC, School of MedicineUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel HillChapel HillUSA

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