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Using Transactional Memory to Avoid Blocking in OpenMP Synchronization Directives

Don’t Wait, Speculate!
  • Lars BonnichsenEmail author
  • Artur Podobas
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9342)

Abstract

OpenMP applications with abundant parallelism are often characterized by their high-performance. Unfortunately, OpenMP applications with a lot of synchronization or serialization-points perform poorly because of blocking, i.e. the threads have to wait for each other. In this paper, we present methods based on hardware transactional memory (HTM) for executing OpenMP barrier, critical, and taskwait directives without blocking. Although HTM is still relatively new in the Intel and IBM architectures, we experimentally show a 73 % performance improvement over traditional locking approaches, and 23 % better than other HTM approaches on critical sections. Speculation over barriers can decrease execution time by up-to 41 %. We expect that future systems with HTM support and more cores will have a greater benefit from our approach as they are more likely to block.

Notes

Acknowledgments

This article presents the result of a research and development work carried out in the European collaborative project PaPP (Portable and Predictable Performance on Heterogeneous Embedded Manycores) funded jointly by the ARTEMIS Joint Undertaking and national governments under the Call 2011 Project Nr. 295440.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Technical University of DenmarkLyngbyDenmark
  2. 2.KTH Royal Institute of TechnologyStockholmSweden

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