Calculation of Source-Receptor Matrices for Use in an Integrated Assessment Model and Assessment of Impacts on Natural Ecosystems
A computationally efficient atmospheric chemical transport model (FRAME) was used to generate source-receptor concentration and deposition data from a variety of spatially distributed and point sources of nitrogen and sulphur emissions. The model was evaluated by comparison with measurements of nitrogen compounds in the gaseous, particulate and aqueous phase and found to be fit for purpose as a policy tool for assessing the effects of future emissions controls. A scenario for the year 2030 predicted that 64 % of the area of natural ecosystems in the UK would be subject to deposition of nitrogen exceeding critical loads.
KeywordsCritical Load Nitrogen Deposition Integrate Assessment Model Frame Model International Shipping
This study was supported by the UK Department for the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs and the Natural Environment Research Council
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