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Advances in Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Taxonomy

  • Marcela C. PaganoEmail author
  • F. Oehl
  • G. A. Silva
  • L. C. Maia
  • D. K. Silva
  • M. N. Cabello
Chapter
Part of the Fungal Biology book series (FUNGBIO)

Abstract

Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) are commonly sustained by root plants. Current classification systems of AMF involve both morphological and molecular methods and their accelerated progress shows a natural organization and relationships among species. Different research groups discuss the taxonomy, systematics, and evolution of AMF. However, more robust systems of AMF classification will facilitate the research of specialists and nonspecialists. This chapter discusses current classification systems of AMF and changes in AMF species identification drawing on results of research worldwide. The increase in new AMF species is also mentioned. We aim at providing an overview of recent AMF taxonomic studies and the importance of recognizing new AMF species. Some new AM spore morphotypes are illustrated, and relevant findings are emphasized.

Keywords

Taxonomy Fungi Classification systems Mycorrhizal symbioses Diversity 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marcela C. Pagano
    • 1
    Email author
  • F. Oehl
    • 2
  • G. A. Silva
    • 3
  • L. C. Maia
    • 3
  • D. K. Silva
    • 4
  • M. N. Cabello
    • 5
  1. 1.Federal University of Minas GeraisBelo HorizonteBrazil
  2. 2.Agroscope, Federal Research Institute for Sustainability Sciences, Plant–Soil-InteractionsZürichSwitzerland
  3. 3.Laboratório de Micorrizas, Departamento de MicologiaUniversidade Federal de PernambucoRecifeBrazil
  4. 4.Laboratório de Microbiologia, Campus de Ciências AgráriasUniversidade Federal do Vale do São FranciscoPetrolinaBrazil
  5. 5.Instituto Spegazzini (Fac. Cs Nat y Museo, UNLP)Buenos AiresArgentina

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