Towards Teacher-Managed Deployment and Integration of Non-SaaS Tools in Virtual Learning Environments
Virtual Learning Environments (VLEs) such as Moodle or Sakai are now commonplace in many educational settings, but the limited set of built-in tools (e.g. chats or forums) is often mentioned as a drawback. While successful solutions to integrate Software as a Service (SaaS) tools are reported in the literature (e.g. IMS Basic LTI and GLUE!), there are other non-SaaS tools with potential for education that cannot be integrated in VLEs. These include single-user standalone tools that are run on local computers without a web-based interface (e.g. Matlab), but also virtual machines and laboratories that are common in Computer Science-related disciplines. This paper addresses the integration of these non-SaaS tools in VLEs, proposing an architecture to help teachers to select and configure non-SaaS tools using existing integration approaches from VLEs, but that also relies on cloud infrastructures for provisioning and deploying these tools transparently to the end users.
KeywordsArchitecture Cloud computing e-learning Educational tools Integration Software as a service Virtual Learning Environments
This research has been partially funded by the European project 531262-LLP-2012-ES-KA3-KA3MP, the Regional project VA277U14, and the predoctoral fellowship FPI-UVa 2012.
- 2.Bower, M., Wittmann, M.: A comparison of LAMS and Moodle as learning design technologies - Teacher education students’ perspective. Teach. Engl. Technol. Spec. Issue LAMS Learn. Des. 11(1), 62–80 (2011)Google Scholar
- 3.Despotović-Zrakić, M., Simić, K., Labus, A., Milić, A., Jovanić, B.: Scaffolding environment for e-learning through cloud computing. Educ. Technol. Soc. 16(3), 301–314 (2013)Google Scholar
- 4.Dillenbourg, P., Schneider, D., Synteta, P.: Virtual learning environments. In: Proceedings of 3rd Hellenic Conference with International Participation “Information & Communication Technologies in Education” (EICT 2002), Rhodes, Greece, pp. 3–18, September 2002Google Scholar
- 6.Mulfari, D., Celesti, A., Villari, M., Puliafito, A.: Using Virtualization and noVNC to Support Assistive Technology in Cloud Computing. In: Proceedings of 2014 IEEE 3rd Symposium on Network Cloud Computing and Applications (NCCA 2014), Rome, Italy, pp. 125–132, February 2014Google Scholar
- 7.Pätzold, H.: Increasing value without increasing effort? The use of WebCT in accompanying face-to-face lectures under the constraint of low budget. Int. J. e-Learn. Distance Educ. 20(2), 78–84 (2005)Google Scholar
- 9.Weller, M.: Virtual Learning Environments: Using Choosing and Developing your VLE. Routledge, Abingdon (2007)Google Scholar