Updating Genomic Data of Lepidoptera

  • Carmen Pozo
  • Blanca Prado
  • América Nitxin Castañeda-Sortibrán
Part of the Entomology in Focus book series (ENFO, volume 3)


Among the insects, lepidopterans form the second most diverse group, with over 155,000 described species. Research on Lepidoptera has a long tradition in several fields, including taxonomy, phylogeny, ecology, population genetics, evolutionary biology, speciation, physiology, development and gene regulation, host–plant and insect–parasite interactions, and, in recent decades, genomics. These studies and genomic resources for them are widely distributed and often widespread in various databases. In this chapter, we analyze the state of the art for genomic resources for Lepidoptera in GenBank for the following genes: elongation factor-1α, wingless, cytochrome c oxidase I, ribosomal DNA and RNA, and in general a number of other protein and enzyme entries; complete mitochondrial genomes; complete nuclear genomes; and published work on barcode methodology. This information will help researchers find gaps in the available resources and direct research efforts in these areas.



Complementary DNA


Bacterial artificial chromosome


Coding sequences


Cytochrome oxidase subunits I, II, III

cyt b

Cytochrome b




Elongation factor-1α


Expressed sequence tag


Mitochondrial DNA


Mitochondrially encoded NADH dehydrogenase 4L


Mitochondrially encoded NADH dehydrogenase subunit 1

ncDNA-18S rRNA

Nuclear DNA of the small subunit ribosomal RNA

ncDNA-28S rRNA

Nuclear DNA of the large subunit ribosomal RNA


National Center for Biotechnology Information


Ribosomal DNA


Ribosomal RNA








Whole-genome shotgun



We thank the reviewers of this chapter, M. R. Goldsmith, A. A. Tolulope, and R. Chandrasekar, who helped us to improve it. In particular, M. R. Goldsmith helped us on the incorporation of information in a relevant way.

We would like to thank Jovana Jasso Martínez, Karen Fernanda Real Salazar, Ana Karina Cruz Galindo, and Azalea Guadalupe Acosta Carreón, who have contributed to this work.

This work was supported by El Colegio de la Frontera Sur and Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carmen Pozo
    • 1
  • Blanca Prado
    • 1
  • América Nitxin Castañeda-Sortibrán
    • 2
  1. 1.Departamento de Conservación de la BiodiversidadEl Colegio de la Frontera SurChetumalMéxico
  2. 2.Departamento de Biología Celular, Facultad de CienciasUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de MéxicoCiudad de MéxicoMéxico

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