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Plant-Herbivore Interactions in the Era of Big Data

  • Linda L. WallingEmail author
  • Isgouhi Kaloshian

Abstract

With the reduced costs, enhanced sensitivities and increased accessibility, the OMICs strategies of modern science are providing new insights and opportunities to understand the evolution and dynamics of plant-pest interactions. The deployment of high-throughput methods to study variation at the genome, transcriptome, proteome, and metabolome levels has allowed in-depth investigation of previously intractable questions in the field of plant-herbivore interactions. Discovery of the regulatory mechanisms within a single organism (plant, herbivore, herbivore endosymbiont, or resident microbe) or amongst multiple organisms as they interact is now possible, allowing the complexity of herbivore adaptation to plant hosts and host plant defense strategies to be revealed and providing momentum for the development of new gene-based mechanisms for controlling herbivore damage. Here the current status and challenges of OMICs technologies as they relate to plant-feeding insects important in our ecosystems, agriculture and forestry, their natural enemies, and their microbiomes are described. The genomics of plant-feeding or –pollinating insects, perspectives on the triumvirate of functional genomics (transcriptomics, proteomics, and metabolomics), as well as the increasing importance of integrating OMICs strategies to address contemporary biological questions are highlighted.

Keywords

Aphid Species Salivary Protein Potato Aphid OMICs Technology Insect Genome 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Botany and Plant SciencesUniversity of CaliforniaRiversideUSA
  2. 2.Department of NematologyUniversity of CaliforniaRiversideUSA

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