Food Issues Facing New and Emerging Economies of Southeast Asia

Chapter
Part of the Food Policy book series (FP)

Abstract

This chapter provides an overview of the trends and challenges facing food (in)security in Southeast (SE) Asian countries, along with policies and community best programs to strengthen the regional and national food and nutrition security across the subcontinent. It addresses the following issues:
  1. 1.

    The major differences between countries in Southeast (SE) Asia and the implication for food insecurity across SE Asia countries.

     
  2. 2.

    The nutrition transition and food insecurity and related problems in Southeast Asia.

     
  3. 3.

    The regional and government responses in reducing food- and nutrient-related problems across the subregion, including those effective interventions for increasing food and nutrient security in SE Asia countries.

     
The chapter begins with a brief overview of the SE Asia and then turns to the current food and nutrition (in)security situation in the subregion. This is then followed by a discussion of the major roles that regional and governments in the subregion play across a variety of food-related determinants including food production, consumption and trade. The chapter will subsequently look at any intervention-or community-based programs that are having a high impact on food and nutrition security in SE Asia. The chapter is then ended with a conclusion section.

Keywords

Nutrition transition Food insecurity SE Asia The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Malnutrition 

References

  1. Akhtar S, Ahmed A, Randhawa MA et al (2013) Prevalence of vitamin A deficiency in South Asia: causes, outcomes, and possible remedies. J Health Popul Nutr 31(4):413–423PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  2. Andaya BW (2014) Introduction to Southeast Asia: history, geography, and livelihood. Asia Society. http://asiasociety.org/introduction-southeast-asia?page=0,0. Accessed 2 Dec 2014
  3. Arimond M, Ruel MT (2004) Dietary diversity is associated with child nutritional status: evidence from 11 demographic and health surveys. J Nutr 134(10):2579–2585PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. ASEAN Emergency Rice Reserve (2014) The distribution of the 5000 MT of rice donated by Thailand trough APTERR Tier 3 Programme in the Philippines, Bangkok. http://www.apterr.org/index.php/component/content/article/111-front-page/198-what-is-apterr.html. Accessed 8 Feb 2015
  5. ASEAN Emergency Rice Reserve (2015) What is APTERR? Bangkok, http://www.apterr.org/index.php/component/content/article/111-front-page/198-what-is-apterr.html. Accessed 8 Feb 2015
  6. ASEAN Secretariat (2014a) ASEAN Cooperation in food, agriculture and forestry major achievements. http://www.asean.org/communities/asean-economic-community/item/asean-cooperation-in-food-agriculture-and-forestry-major-achievements?tmpl=component&print=1. Accessed 10 Feb 2015
  7. ASEAN Secretariat (2014b) Association of Southeast Asian nations. http://www.asean.org/asean/asean-member-states. Accessed 28 Feb 2015
  8. Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) (2011) ASEAN documents series 2009. ASEAN Secretariat, Jakarta, pp 44–55Google Scholar
  9. Bacus EA (2001) Southeast Asia, archaeology of. In: Baltes NJSB (ed) International encyclopedia of the social and behavioral sciences. Pergamon, Oxford, pp 14656–14661Google Scholar
  10. Black RE, Allen LH, Bhutta ZA et al (2008) Maternal and child undernutrition: global and regional exposures and health consequences. Lancet 371(9608):243–260CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Casey G, Phuc T, MacGregor L et al (2009) A free weekly iron-folic acid supplementation and regular deworming program is associated with improved hemoglobin and iron status indicators in Vietnamese women. BMC Public Health 9(1):261. doi:10.1186/1471-2458-9-261 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  12. Dahiya B (2012) Cities in Asia, 2012: demographics, economics, poverty, environment and governance. Cities 29(2 Suppl):S44–S61Google Scholar
  13. Dans A, Ng N, Varghese C et al (2011) The rise of chronic non-communicable diseases in Southeast Asia: time for action. The Lancet 377(9766):680–689CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. de Pee S, Bloem MW (2009) Current and potential role of specially formulated foods and food supplements for preventing malnutrition among 6- to 23-month-old children and for treating moderate malnutrition among 6- to 59-month-old children. Food Nutr Bull 30(3 Suppl):S434–S463Google Scholar
  15. De Steur H, Mogendi JB, Blancquaert D et al (2014) Chapter 21—genetically modified rice with health benefits as a means to reduce micronutrient malnutrition: global status, consumer preferences, and potential health impacts of rice biofortification. In: Zibadi RRWRP (ed) Wheat and rice in disease prevention and health. Academic Press, San Diego, pp 283–299Google Scholar
  16. Dewey KG (2004) Impact of breastfeeding on maternal nutritional status. Adv Exp Med Biol 554:91–100CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Dixon J, Banwell C, S-a Seubsman et al (2007) Dietary diversity in Khon Kaen, Thailand, 1988–2006. Int J Epidemiol 36(3):518–521CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Economist Intelligence Unit (2014) Global food security index 2014: an annual measure of the state of global food security. The Economist Intelligence Unit, LondonGoogle Scholar
  19. Evers HD (2001) Southeast Asia: sociocultural aspects. In: Baltes NJSB (ed) International encyclopedia of the social and behavioral sciences. Pergamon, Oxford, pp 14661–14666CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Ey Chua EY, Zalilah MS, Ys Chin YS et al (2012) Dietary diversity is associated with nutritional status of Orang Asli children in Krau wildlife reserve Pahang. Malays J Nutr 18(1):1–13PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Fan S, Gulati A, Thorat S (2008) Investment, subsidies, and pro-poor growth in rural India. Agr Econ 39(2):163–170CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Food and Agricultural Organization (2002) Food insecurity: when people must live with hunger and fear starvation. The State of food insecurity in the world, Food and Agricultural Organization, RomeGoogle Scholar
  23. Food and Agriculture Organization (2012) The state of food insecurity in the world. Food and Agriculture Organization, RomeGoogle Scholar
  24. Freedman A (2013) Rice security in Southeast Asia: beggar thy neighbor or cooperation? Pac Rev 26(5):433–454CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Gayer J, Smith G (2015) Micronutrient fortification of food in Southeast Asia: recommendations from an expert workshop. Nutrients 7(1):646–658CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  26. Gupta A, Dadhich JP (2008) Infant malnutrition/breastfeeding. In: Heggenhougen HK (ed) International encyclopedia of public health. Academic Press, Oxford, pp 554–562CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Kasapila W, Shaarani SM (2011) Harmonisation of food labelling regulations in Southeast Asia: benefits, challenges and implications. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 20(1):1–8PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. Khanal V, da Cruz JLNB, Karkee R et al (2014) Factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding in Timor-Leste: findings from demographic and health survey 2009–2010. Nutrients 6(4):1691–1700CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  29. Koh LP, Kettle CJ, Sheil D et al (2013) Biodiversity state and trends in Southeast Asia. In: Levin SA (ed) Encyclopedia of biodiversity, 2nd edn. Academic Press, Waltham, pp 509–527CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Laillou A, Berger J, Le BM et al (2012) Improvement of the Vietnamese diet for women of reproductive age by micronutrient fortification of staples foods and condiments. PLoS ONE 7(11):e50538CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  31. Le DS (2012) School meal program in Ho Chi Minh city, Vietnam: reality and future plan. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 21(1):139–143PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. Lunn J, Thompson G (2011) Southeast Asia: a political and economic introduction. House of Common Library, LondonGoogle Scholar
  33. Ministry of Health RI (2012) Indonesia health profile 2012, Ministry of Health RI, Center for Data and Information, JakartaGoogle Scholar
  34. Moran A (2014) Southeast Asia. Global Heart 9(1):59–64CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. Mountjoy B (2013) International food issues and resources. The International Food Information Council (IFIC) Foundation. Available from: http://www.foodinsight.org/Food%20Safety-widget-1#sthash.oNe7j7JP.dpuf. Accessed 9 Oct 2014
  36. Mukherjee I, Sovacool BK (2014) Palm oil-based biofuels and sustainability in Southeast Asia: a review of Indonesia, Malaysia, and Thailand. Renew Sust Energ Rev 37:1–12CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Muller O, Krawinkel M (2005) Malnutrition and health in developing countries. Can Med Assoc J 173:279–286CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Phaitrakoon J, Powwattana A, Lagampan S et al (2014) The diamond level health promoting schools (DLHPS) program for reduced child obesity in Thailand: lessons learned from interviews and focus groups. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 23(2):293–300PubMedGoogle Scholar
  39. Pinkaew S, Winichagoon P, Hurrell RF et al (2013) Extruded rice grains fortified with zinc, iron, and vitamin A increase zinc status of Thai school children when incorporated into a school lunch program. J Nutr 143(3):362–368CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. Poh BK, Ng BK, Siti Haslinda MD et al (2013) Nutritional status and dietary intakes of children aged 6 months to 12 years: findings of the nutrition survey of Malaysian children (SEANUTS Malaysia). Br J Nutr 110(3 Suppl):S21–S35CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. Purwestri RC, Scherbaum V, Inayati DA et al (2012) Supplementary feeding with locally-produced ready-to-use food (RUF) for mildly wasted children on Nias Island, Indonesia: comparison of daily and weekly program outcomes. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 21(3):374–379PubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. Robinson S, Fall C (2012) Infant nutrition and later health: a review of current evidence. Nutrients 4(8):859–874CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  43. Sandjaja N, Poh BK, Rojroonwasinkul N et al (2013) Relationship between anthropometric indicators and cognitive performance in Southeast Asian school-aged children. Br J Nutr 110(3 Suppl):S57–S64CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  44. Schaafsma A, Deurenberg P, Calame W et al (2013) Design of the South East Asian nutrition survey (SEANUTS): a four-country multistage cluster design study. Br J Nutr 110(3 Suppl):S2–S10CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  45. Shahar S, Kamaruddin NS, Badrasawi M et al (2013) Effectiveness of exercise and protein supplementation intervention on body composition, functional fitness, and oxidative stress among elderly Malays with sarcopenia. Clin Interv Aging 8:1365–1375CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  46. Shariff ZM, Sulaiman N, Jalil RA et al (2014) Food insecurity and the metabolic syndrome among women from low income communities in Malaysia. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 23(1):147–813Google Scholar
  47. Tanjung C (2014) Peran perguruan tinggi menyonsong masyarakat ekonomi ASEAN. Paper presented at the University Senat Meeting in the commemoration of the 53rd of Syiah Kuala University, Banda Aceh, 13 Sept 2014Google Scholar
  48. The Lancet (2013) The global crisis of severe acute malnutrition in children. The Lancet 382(9908):1858Google Scholar
  49. The World Trade Organization (2015) Understanding the WTO: The Agreements Geneva. https://www.wto.org/english/thewto_e/whatis_e/tif_e/agrm3_e.htm. Accessed 18 Apr 2015
  50. Theary C, Panagides D, Laillou A et al (2013) Fish sauce, soy sauce, and vegetable oil fortification in Cambodia: where do we stand to date? Food Nutr Bull 34(2 Suppl):S62–S71CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  51. Wallace LJ, Summerlee AJ, Dewey CE et al (2014) Women’s nutrient intakes and food-related knowledge in rural Kandal Province Cambodia. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 23(2):263–271PubMedGoogle Scholar
  52. Wasantwisut E, Winichagoon P, Chitchumroonchokchai C et al (2006) Iron and zinc supplementation improved iron and zinc status, but not physical growth, of apparently healthy, breast-fed infants in rural communities of Northeast Thailand. J Nutr 136(9):2405–2411PubMedGoogle Scholar
  53. World Cancer Research Fund International (n.d) Breastfeeding rates—South-East Asia has the highest rate of exclusive breastfeeding for six months, London. http://www.wcrf.org/int/cancer-facts-figures/link-between-lifestyle-cancer-risk/breastfeeding-rates. Accessed 25 Jan 2015
  54. World Health Organization (2003) Joint WHO/FAO expert consultation on diet nutrition and the prevention of chronic diseases. World Health Organization, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  55. World Trade Organization (2015) Understanding the WTO: the organization members and observers. Geneva. https://www.wto.org/english/thewto_e/whatis_e/tif_e/org6_e.htm. Accessed 18 Apr 2015
  56. Yang Z, Laillou A, Smith G et al (2013) A review of vitamin D fortification: implications for nutrition programming in Southeast Asia. Food Nutr Bull 34(2):81S–89SCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Community Health NursingSyiah Kuala UniversityDarussalam, Banda AcehIndonesia

Personalised recommendations