Advertisement

The Europeanization of Immigration Policies

  • Leila Hadj Abdou
Part of the IMISCOE Research Series book series (IMIS)

Abstract

The control of international immigration touches the core of national sovereignty. The regulation of admission is usually seen as the deepest expression of self-determination. Despite this, over the last decade immigration has become a thoroughly Europeanized policy field, and this process has significantly contributed to European integration. This chapter reconstructs the evolution of the process of Europeanization in the domain of immigration, and analyses its dynamics. It focuses on the following questions: To what extent, and why, have EU member states opted to cooperate on the highly sensitive issue of migration? What effect does Europeanization have on the rights of immigrants—do we see a restriction or an expansion of rights? The chapter demonstrates that, while national governments have chosen to Europeanize the issue of immigration primarily in order to foster and to enhance migration control, in doing so they have actually put constraints on their ability to regulate immigration, which in turn has led to an increase in the protection of immigrants’ rights.

Keywords

Member State Immigration Policy Migration Policy Family Reunification Lisbon Treaty 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Acosta Arcarazo, D. (2009). The good, the bad and the ugly in EU migration law: Is the European parliament becoming bad and ugly? European Journal of Migration and Law, 11(1), 19–39. doi: 10.1163/157181609X410575.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Acosta Arcarazo, D., & Geddes, A. (2013). The development, application and implications of an EU rule of law in the area of migration policy. JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies, 51(2), 179–193. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-5965.2012.02296.x.Google Scholar
  3. Bonjour, S., & Vink, M. P. (2013). When Europeanization backfires: The normalization of European migration politics. Acta Politica, 48(4), 389–407. doi: 10.1057/ap.2013.11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Börzel, T. (2003). Shaping and taking EU policies: Member state responses to Europeanization (Queen’s Papers on Europeanisation 01/2003). Belfast: School of Politics, International Studies and Philosophy, Queen’s University of Belfast. https://www.qub.ac.uk/schools/SchoolofPoliticsInternationalStudiesandPhilosophy/FileStore/EuropeanisationFiles/Filetoupload,38412,en.pdf
  5. Boswell, C., & Geddes, A. (2011). Migration and mobility in the European Union. Basingstoke/New York: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  6. Carmel, E., & Paul, R. (2013). Complex stratification: Understanding European Union governance of migrant rights. Regions & Cohesion, 3(3), 56–85. doi: 10.3167/reco.2013.030304.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cerna, L. (2014). The EU Blue Card: Preferences, policies, and negotiations between Member States. Migration Studies, 2(1), 73–96. doi: 10.1093/migration/mnt010.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. De Somer, M. (2012). Enhanced competences for the European Court of Justice: “Re-shuffling” the dynamics of EU migration policy-making? (LSE Migration Studies Unit Working Paper No. 2012/01). http://www.lse.ac.uk/government/research/resgroups/MSU/documents/workingPapers/WP_2012_01.pdf
  9. EU. (2014). Treaty of Amsterdam amending the treaty on European Union, the treaties establishing the European communities and certain related acts. http://www.europarl.europa.eu/topics/treaty/pdf/amst-en.pdf
  10. Geddes, A. (2008). Immigration and European integration: Towards fortress Europe. Manchester/New York: Manchester University Press.Google Scholar
  11. Geddes, A. (2011a). Borders and migration in the European Union. In N. Phillips (Ed.), Migration in the global political economy: IPE yearbook (Vol. 17, pp. 193–208). Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers.Google Scholar
  12. Geddes, A. (2011b). The European Union’s extraterritorial immigration controls and international migration relations. In R. Hansen, J. Koehler, & J. Money (Eds.), Migration, nation states, and international cooperation (pp. 87–99). New York/London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  13. Geddes, A., & Hadj-Abdou, L. (forthcoming). An unstable equilibrium: Freedom of movement and the welfare state in the European Union. In G. Freeman, & N. Mirilovic (Eds.), Handbook on international immigration. Northampton: Edward Elgar Publishing.Google Scholar
  14. Groenendijk, K. (2006). Family reunification as a right under community law. European Journal of Migration and Law, 8(2), 215–230. doi: 10.1163/157181606777975003.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Guiraudon, V. (2000). European integration and migration policy: Vertical policy-making as venue shopping. JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies, 38(2), 251–271. doi: 10.1111/1468-5965.00219.Google Scholar
  16. Hansen, P. (2010). More barbwire or more immigration, or both? EU migration policy in the nexus of border security management and neoliberal economic growth. The Whitehead Journal of Diplomacy and International Relations, 11(1, Winter/Spring), 89–101.Google Scholar
  17. Hollifield, J. F. (1992). Immigrants, markets, and states: The political economy of postwar Europe. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  18. Joppke, C. (2011). European immigration policies: Between stemming and soliciting still. In E. Jones, P. M. Heywood, M. Rhodes, & U. Sedelmeier (Eds.), Developments in European politics 2 (pp. 220–240). Basingstoke/New York: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  19. Kaunert, C., Léonard, S., & Hoffmann, U. (2013). Venue-shopping and the role of non-governmental organisations in the development of the European Union asylum policy. Comparative Migration Studies, 1(1), 179–200. doi: 10.5117/CMS2013.1.KAUN.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Kicinger, A., Weinar, A., & Górny, A. (2007). Advanced yet uneven: The Europeanization of Polish immigration policy. In T. Faist & A. Ette (Eds.), The Europeanization of national policies and politics of immigration: Between autonomy and the European Union (pp. 181–200). Basingstoke/New York: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  21. Lahav, G., & Luedtke, A. (2013). Immigration policy. In C. Bretherton & M. L. Mannin (Eds.), The Europeanization of European politics (pp. 109–122). New York: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  22. Luedtke, A. (2009). Uncovering European Union immigration legislation: Policy dynamics and outcomes. International Migration, 49(2), 1–27. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-2435.2009.00588.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Mau, S., Brabandt, H., Laube, L., & Roos, C. (2012). Liberal states and the freedom of movement: Selective borders, unequal mobility. Basingstoke/New York: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Menz, G. (2011). Stopping, shaping and moulding Europe: Two-level games, non-state actors and the Europeanization of migration policies. JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies, 49(2), 437–462. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-5965.2010.02123.x.Google Scholar
  25. Messina, A. M. (2007). The logics and politics of post-WWII migration to Western Europe. New York: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Peers, S., Guild, E., Acosta Arcarazo, D., & Groenendijk, K. (2012). EU immigration and asylum law (Vol. 1). Leiden: Brill.Google Scholar
  27. Radaelli, C. M. (2000). Whither Europeanization? Concept stretching and substantive change. European Integration online Papers (EIoP), 4(8), 1–25.Google Scholar
  28. Reslow, N. (2010, June 23–26). Explaining the development of EU migration policy: The case of the mobility partnerships. Paper prepared for the fifth Pan-European conference on EU politics, Porto, Portugal. http://www.jhubc.it/ecpr-porto/virtualpaperroom/008.pdf
  29. Richardson, J. (Ed.). (2012). Constructing a policy-making state? Policy dynamics in the EU. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  30. Sassen, S. (2007). Response. European Journal of Political Theory, 6(4), 433–446.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Schuman, R. (1963). Pour l’Europe. Paris: Éditions Nagel.Google Scholar
  32. Swyngedouw, E. (2014). Excluding the other: The production of scale and scaled politics. In R. Lee & J. Wills (Eds.), Geographies of economics (pp. 167–176). Oxon/New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  33. Talani, L. S. (Ed.). (2012). Globalization, migration, and the future of Europe. Oxon/New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  34. Torpey, J. (2000). The invention of the passport. Surveillance, citizenship and the state. Cambridge/New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  35. Vedsted-Hansen, J. (2004). Denmark. In I. Higgins & K. Hailbronner (Eds.), Migration and asylum law and policy in the European Union: FIDE 2004 national reports (pp. 65–87). Cambridge/New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  36. Wolff, S., & Trauner, F. (2011). A European migration policy fit for future challenges. In S. Wolff, F. Goudappel, & J. de Zwaan (Eds.), Freedom, security and justice after Lisbon and Stockholm (pp. 63–78). The Hague: T.M.C. Asser Press.Google Scholar
  37. Wunderlich, D. (2011). Europeanization through the grapevine: Communication gaps and the role of international organizations in implementation networks of EU external migration policy. Journal of European Integration, 34(5), 485–503. doi: 10.1080/07036337.2011.611385.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Zweig, S. (1943). The world of yesterday (p. 409). New York: Viking.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PoliticsUniversity of SheffieldSheffieldUK

Personalised recommendations