Particle Physics with LOFAR
High energy cosmic rays produce cascades of secondary particles in the atmosphere, known as air showers, which emit very short radio flashes (several tens of nanoseconds). The detection of these short radio flashes requires the use of the Transient Buffer Boards (TBBs). In this chapter we will discuss how to use the TBBs, how to calibrate the data, and some typical processing techniques. We round off with an introduction to cosmic ray air shower analysis with LOFAR.
Thanks to all the members of the Cosmic Ray Key Science Project, and in particular to Anna Nelles, Pim Schellart and Arthur Corstanje for many of the figures and equations.
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