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Impact of Green Manure and Vermicompost on Soil Suppressiveness, Soil Microbial Populations, and Plant Growth in Conditions of Organic Agriculture of Northern Temperate Climate

  • L. Grantina-Ievina
  • V. NikolajevaEmail author
  • N. Rostoks
  • I. Skrabule
  • L. Zarina
  • A. Pogulis
  • G. Ievinsh
Part of the Soil Biology book series (SOILBIOL, volume 46)

Abstract

The impact of organic amendments on the soil microorganisms and plant growth and health in conditions of organic agriculture of Northern temperate climate was analyzed. Some case studies dealing with green manure or vermicompost amendments are discussed giving deeper analyses of the vermicompost impact on plant growth. The first case study is about the impact of green manure on soil microbial populations and soil suppressiveness against such pathogens as late blight, potato scab, and black scurf of potato in organic agriculture. The second case study is about the use of vermicompost in organic starch potato cultivation. Significantly higher numbers of all groups of analyzed cultivable microorganisms were observed in organic agriculture fields in comparison to conventional fields. Results obtained by molecular methods regarding fungal diversity did not show such an increase. Controversial results about plant health, in terms of disease suppressiveness, have been obtained. The possible acting mechanisms of the vermicompost on plant growth are discussed. Our studies raise particular concerns about the vermicompost. Definitely, the unique nature of organic amendments in each case must be taken into account. Further studies are needed to explain the impact of green manure and vermicompost on the plant health.

Keywords

Late Blight Green Manure Cattle Manure Organic Field Catch Crop 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Grantina-Ievina
    • 1
    • 5
  • V. Nikolajeva
    • 1
    Email author
  • N. Rostoks
    • 1
  • I. Skrabule
    • 2
  • L. Zarina
    • 2
  • A. Pogulis
    • 3
  • G. Ievinsh
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.Faculty of Biology, Department of Microbiology and BiotechnologyUniversity of LatviaRigaLatvia
  2. 2.State Priekuli Plant Breeding InstitutePriekuliLatvia
  3. 3.BALTORGPOTATO, Project “Baltic Organic Potato for the World Markets”Alojas novadsLatvia
  4. 4.Faculty of Biology, Department of Plant PhysiologyUniversity of LatviaRigaLatvia
  5. 5.Latvian Plant Protection CentreRigaLatvia

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