Nanotubes/Polymethyl Methacrylate Composite Resins as Denture Base Materials

Part of the Springer Series in Biomaterials Science and Engineering book series (SSBSE, volume 5)



Denture resin base fracture is not uncommon for clinicians. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) on properties of a commonly used polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) denture resin.


Four groups of denture resin (Luciton-199, DENTSPLY Inc.) specimens were fabricated as control, 0.5, 1, and 2 wt% of MWCNTs. MWCNTs were dispersed to monomer by sonication. Seven specimens per group without thermocycling (TC) were subjected to a three-point bending test monotonically. Another set of four groups underwent 5000 thermocycles from 20 to 80 °C at 1 min intervals. Knoop microhardness evaluations were performed on the control and the experimental groups before and after thermocycles. Two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey’s honest significant difference (HSD) post hoc analysis were used to identify significant differences.


Flexural strength, resilience, flexural modulus, yield stress, and yield strain were calculated. Fracture surfaces were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Statistical analyses revealed that there was a significant adverse effect of TC on mechanical properties of the MWCNT/PMMA composite. Two-percent MWCNT/PMMA was the weakest among the groups in terms of mechanical strength.


Without TC, 0.5 and 1 wt% MWNCT/PMMA composite groups had a significant improvement of mechanical properties compared with the control group because of retardation of crack growth. MWCNTs dispersed in PMMA more than 1 wt% was not beneficial. SEM analysis showed sporadic agglomerations presented on fracture surface of 2 % WMCNT/PMMA composite that might have adverse effects on mechanical properties. Further study is needed to improve the dispersion of MWCNTs into commercial denture base systems.


Flexural Strength Flexural Modulus Denture Base PMMA Matrix Denture Resin 
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Comprehensive CareCase Western Reserve University, School of Dental MedicineClevelandUSA
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringSüleyman Demirel UniversityIspartaTurkey
  3. 3.Department of ProsthodonticsSüleyman Demirel University School of DentistryIspartaTurkey

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