Racial/Ethnic Health Care Disparities and Inequities: Historical Perspectives

  • Savoy Brummer
  • Iris Reyes
  • Marcus L. MartinEmail author
  • Leslie Uldine Walker
  • Sheryl L. Heron


The US population is becoming more diverse. Despite changing demographics, health disparities and inequities in the numbers of ethnically/racially diverse health care providers perpetuate. Numbers of underrepresented minorities (URM’s) graduating from medical schools continue to be far less than percentages in the population. Quality health care and outcomes for minorities continue to lag behind white counterparts. Successful methods and strategies to address these concerns should be sought and utilized. These disparities and inequities must be addressed aggressively and continuously through training, research, recruitment, and retention of health care providers and researchers from underrepresented minority groups. We present historical perspectives on racial/ethnic health care disparities and inequities.


Disparities Cultural competency Physician diversity Inequities Recruitment Mentorship Promotion Cardiovascular care Diabetes Renal disease HIV Asthma Analgesia URMs Medical students Residents Faculty Race Ethnicity US Census 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Savoy Brummer
    • 1
  • Iris Reyes
    • 2
  • Marcus L. Martin
    • 3
    Email author
  • Leslie Uldine Walker
    • 4
  • Sheryl L. Heron
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Emergency MedicineSt. Louis UniversitySt. LouisUSA
  2. 2.Department of Emergency MedicineUniversity of Pennsylvania Health SystemPhiladelphiaUSA
  3. 3.Department of Emergency Medicine, School of MedicineUniversity of VirginiaCharlottesvilleUSA
  4. 4.Office for Diversity and EquityUniversity of VirginiaCharlottesvilleUSA
  5. 5.Department of Emergency MedicineEmory University School of Medicine and Grady Memorial HospitalAtlantaUSA

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