Using the Semantic Web for the Integration and Publication of Public Procurement Data
- 787 Downloads
Public procurement is an activity that is common to all administrations, with a major impact on their functioning and that also affects the economy as a whole. This paper presents an experience that shows how the Semantic Web provides appropriate resources to develop data models that can be used both for the management of public contracts and for the publication of information about them. And within that, with a dual objective of improving efficiency by facilitating competitive tendering, and of making easy the monitoring of public contracts by citizens. Firstly, we developed the PPROC ontology in said experience, with the domain of the ontology being the legal institution of public contracting, which includes the procedure for the preparation of contracts. Next, we used the ontology as a basis for the integration and publication of data from various Spanish administrations.
KeywordsPublic procurement Semantic web Ontologies Open government Freedom of information
The authors would like to thank Miguel Angel Bernal and Francisco Serón (co-authors of the PPROC ontology), and Oscar Corcho, Carlos Bobed and Carlos Becana (contributors). Also to those responsible for procurement and the buyer’s profile and the technicians of the participating administrations in the project: the Zaragoza City Council (Maria Jesús Fernandez, Ana Budría, Laura Fernando, Victor Morlán and Rubén Notivol), the Provincial Government of Huesca (Cristina de la Hera, Montserrat Rodríguez and Javier Casado) and the Regional Government of Aragón (Ricardo Cantabrana, José María Subero and Eva Sanz).
- 1.Ackerman, J.M., Sandoval-Ballesteros, I.E.: The global explosion of freedom of information laws. Adm. Law Rev. 58(1), 85–130 (2006)Google Scholar
- 2.Muñoz Soro, J.F., Bermejo Latre, J.L.: The redefinition of the objetive scope of transparency and the right of access to public sector information. In: Valero Torrijos, J., Fernandez Salmeron, M. (eds.) Legal Regime of Transparency in the Public Sector, pp. 189–239. Aranzadi, Cizur Menor (2014)Google Scholar
- 6.Agnoloni, T., Fernández Barrera, M., Sagri, M.T., Tiscorni, D., Venturi, G.: When a framenet-style knowledge description meets an ontological characterization of fundamental legal concepts. In: Casanovas, P., Pagallo, U., Sartor, G., Ajani, G. (eds.) AICOL-II/JURIX 2009. LNCS, vol. 6237, pp. 93–112. Springer, Heidelberg (2010)Google Scholar
- 7.MacCormick, N.: Norms. Institutions, and Institutional Facts, Law and Philosophy 17, 301–345 (1998)Google Scholar
- 8.Boer, A.: Legal Theory, Sources of Law and the Semantic Web. IOS Press, Amsterdam (2009)Google Scholar
- 9.Fernandez-Barrera, M., Sartor, G.: The legal theory perspective: doctrinal, conceptual systems vs. computational ontologies. In: Sartor, G., Casanovas, P., Biasiotti M.A., Fernandez-Barrera M. (eds.) Approaches to Legal Ontologies, pp. 15–47. Springer, Dordrecht (2011)Google Scholar
- 12.Distinto, I., d’Aquin, M., Motta, E.: LOTED2: An Ontology of European Public Procurement Notices (2012). http://www.semantic-web-journal.net/content/loted2-ontology-european-public-procurement-notices-1
- 13.Alvarez-Rodríguez, J.M., Labra, J.E., Cifuentes, F., Alor-Hernandez, G., Sánchez, C., Luna, J.A.G.: Towards a pan-European e-procurement platform to aggregate, publish and search public procurement notices powered by linked open data: the MOLDEAS approach. Int. J. Software Eng. Knowl. Eng. 22(03), 365–383 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 16.Miles, A., Matthews, B., Wilson, M., Brickley, D.: SKOS Core: simple knowledge organisation for the web. In: International Conference on Dublin Core and Metadata Applications, pp. 3–10 (2005)Google Scholar