Exploring How People Collaborate with a Stranger:

Analyses of Verbal and Nonverbal Behaviors in Abstract Art Reproduction
  • Haruka Shoda
  • Tomoki Yao
  • Noriko Suzuki
  • Mamiko Sakata
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9184)


We explored human-to-human communication when two people collaboratively attempt to reproduce an abstract painting. We examined the effects of friendship (i.e., stranger versus friend) and the task’s three phases (i.e., first, second, versus third) on verbal and nonverbal behaviors. In our experiment, pairs of strangers (\(n=24\), 12 pairs) and friends (\(n=24\), 12 pairs) reproduced three abstract paintings. We measured the duration of their conversations, gestures, and painting behaviors, and the behaviors were labeled based on Traum (1994). The results showed that the amount and the functions of painting differed as a function of friendship. Since friends seemed more likely to focus on the efficient completion of the task, painting functions as a means of communicating images to partners. On the other hand, since strangers attempt to minimize conflicts with their partners, they start painting after discussing what to paint next.


Collaboration Friendship Time-series change Nonverbal behaviors Abstract art reproduction 



The contents of this study are based on the second author’s master thesis. We thank Yuejun Zheng, who supervised and generously supported the second author’s master thesis. We also thank 48 students at Doshisha University for their participation in our experiment, Koshi Nishimoto and Yu Ohshima for checking the validity of our measurements, and Haru Nitta and Kana Shirai for their valuable inputs for this study.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Haruka Shoda
    • 1
    • 2
  • Tomoki Yao
    • 1
  • Noriko Suzuki
    • 3
  • Mamiko Sakata
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Culture and Information ScienceDoshisha UniversityKyotanabeJapan
  2. 2.Japan Society for the Promotion of ScienceChiyodaJapan
  3. 3.Faculty of Business AdministrationTezukayama UniversityNaraJapan

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