Site Characterization Using GP, MARS and GPR

  • Pijush SamuiEmail author
  • Yıldırım Dalkiliç
  • J Jagan


This article examines the capability of Genetic Programming (GP), Multivariate Adaptive Regression Spline (MARS) and Gaussian Process Regression (GPR) for developing site characterization model of Bangalore (India) based on corrected Standard Penetration Test (SPT) value (Nc). GP, MARS and GPR have been used as regression techniques. GP is developed based on genetic algorithm. MARS does not assume any functional relationship between input and output variables. GPR is a probabilistic, non-parametric model. In GPR, different kinds of prior knowledge can be applied. In three dimensional analysis, the function\( {\mathrm{N}}_{\mathrm{c}}=\mathrm{f}\left(\mathrm{X},\mathrm{Y},\mathrm{Z}\right) \) where X, Y and Z are the coordinates of a point corresponding to N value, is to be approximated with which N value at any half space point in Bangalore can be determined. A comparative study between the developed GP, MARS and GPR has been carried out in the proposed book chapter. The developed GP, MARS and GPR give the spatial variability of Nc values at Bangalore.


Basis Function Genetic Programming Multivariate Adaptive Regression Spline Standard Penetration Test Site Characterization 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Authors thank to T.G. Sitharam for providing the dataset.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Disaster Mitigation and ManagementVIT UniversityVelloreIndia
  2. 2.Faculty of Engineering, Civil Engineering DepartmentErzincan UniversityErzincanTurkey

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