Cognitive Behavioural Therapy and Cognitive Bias Modification in Internet-Based Interventions for Mood, Anxiety and Substance Use Disorders

  • Matthijs BlankersEmail author
  • Elske Salemink
  • Reinout W. Wiers


In this chapter, the theoretical background of (computerized) cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT/c-CBT) is presented, along with cognitive bias modification (CBM), a novel set of interventions in which cognitive processes involved in a disorder are directly targeted. Next, the effectiveness of computerized CBT and CBM for common mental health disorders (depression, anxiety disorders and substance use disorders) is evaluated based on recent meta-analyses. Based on the reviewed literature, there is a reasonably strong evidence base for the effectiveness of computerized CBT interventions for depression, anxiety and substance use disorders. The evidence base for stand-alone CBM interventions is not very strong as research findings are heterogeneous – some studies report positive findings whereas others do not. The evidence base for CBM as an adjunct to computerized CBT interventions is accumulating with positive findings regarding the effectiveness. Therefore, it is concluded that based on the currently available evidence, CBM could be a useful add-on to computerized CBT in the clinical treatment of common mental health disorders.


Anxiety Disorder Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Attentional Bias Common Mental Disorder Cognitive Behaviour Therapy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Matthijs Blankers
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Elske Salemink
    • 4
  • Reinout W. Wiers
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of ResearchArkin Mental Health CareAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Department of Drug MonitoringTrimbos-institute, Netherlands Institute of Mental Health and AddictionUtrechtThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Department of PsychiatryAcademic Medical CentreAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  4. 4.Addiction Development and Psychopathology (ADAPT)-Lab, Department of PsychologyUniversity of AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands

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