Advertisement

Visual Pursuit of Two-Dimensional/Three-Dimensional Objects on Video Clips: Effects on the Human Body

  • Masumi Takada
  • Masaki Sakai
  • Masaru Miyao
  • Hiroki Takada
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9176)

Abstract

With the recent rapid progress in image processing and three-dimensional (3D) technology, stereoscopic images are visible on television and in theaters and game machines, etc. However, 3D sickness symptoms, such as intoxication and eye fatigue, have been observed when viewing 3D films, depending on display and visual environment conditions. Further, the effect of stereoscopic vision on the human body has not been explored sufficiently. Therefore, to clarify its effects on the human body in society at large, it is important to consider the safety of viewing virtual 3D content. This present study aimed to examine the effects of peripheral viewing on the human body, specifically during exposure to two-dimensional (2D)/3D video clips. We compared stabilograms recorded during exposure to video clips with or without visual pursuit of a 3D object using two-way analysis of variance. Using statistical analysis, we found that our equilibrium is significantly affected by the background after exposure to the video clips.

Keywords

Visually induced motion sickness (VIMS) Visual pursuit Peripheral viewing Stabilometry 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported in part by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B) Number 24300046 and (C) Number 26350004.

References

  1. 1.
    Malik, A.S., Choi, T.S., Nisar, H. (eds.): Depth Map and 3D Imaging Applications: Algorithms and Technologies. Proc IGI Global, Hershey (2011)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Takada, H., Fujikake, K., Miyao, M., Matsuura,Y.: Indices to detect visually induced motion sickness using stabilometry. In: Proceedings of VIMS 2007, pp. 178-83 (2007)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Wann, J., Rushton, S., Williams, M.: Natural problems for stereoscopic depth perception in virtual environments. Vis. Res. 35, 2731–2736 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Yasui, R., Matsuda, I., Kakeya, H.: Combining volumetric edge display and multiview display for expression of natural 3d images. In: Proceedings of SPIE, vol. 6055, pp. 0Y1–0Y9 (2006)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kakeya, H.: MOEVision: simple multiview display with clear floating image. In: Proceedings of SPIE, vol. 6490, p. 64900 J (2007)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Miyao, M., Ishihara, S., Saito, S., Kondo, T., Sakakibara, H., Toyoshima, H.: Visual accommodation and subject performance during a stereographic object task using liquid crystal shutters. Ergonomics 39, 1294–1309 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Shiomi, T., Uemoto, K., Kojima, T., Sano, S., Ishio, H.: Simultaneous measurement of lens accommodation and convergence in natural and artificial 3D vision. J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 21, 120–128 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Takada, M., Murakami, K., Kunieda, Y., Hirata, T., Matsuura, Y., Iwase, S., Miyao, M.: Effect of hour-long stereoscopic film on equilibrium function. In: Proceedings of IMID Digest, pp. 737–738 (2011)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Yoshikawa, K., Takada, H., Miyao, M.: Effect of display size on body sway in seated posture while viewing an hour-long stereoscopic film. In: Stephanidis, C., Antona, M. (eds.) UAHCI 2013, Part II. LNCS, vol. 8010, pp. 336–341. Springer, Heidelberg (2013)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Yamaguchi, H., Sakai, M., Hirata, T., Takada, H.: Effects of Peripheral Viewing on Human body During Exposure to 2D/3D Video Clips. IEICE Technical report, MBE2013, 11–14 (2013) (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Suzuki, J., Matsunaga, T., Tokumatsu, K., Taguchi, K., Watanabe, I.: Q & A and a manual in stabilometry. Equilib. Res. 55, 64–77 (1996) (in Japanese)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Takada, M., Fukui, Y., Matsuura, Y., Sato, M., Takada, H.: Peripheral viewing during exposure to a 2D/3D video clip: effects on the human body. Environ. Health Prev. Med. 20, 79–89 (2014). doi: 10.1007/s12199-014-0424-4 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Takada, M., Miyao, M., Takada, H.: Subjective evaluation of peripheral viewing during exposure to a 2D/3D video clip. In: Proceedings of IEEE VR (2015) (to appear)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Nishihira, T., Tahara, H.: Apparatus for Recovering Eyesight Utilizing Stereoscopic Video and method for Displaying Stereoscopic Video. US Patent US7404693B2 (2002)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Takada, M., Miyao, M., Satoh, M., Yoshikawa, K., Matsuura, Y., Takada, H.: Effect of accommodation training on visual function of visual inspection workers and middle-aged people. J. Sports Med. Doping Study 2 (2012). doi: 10.4172/2161-0673.1000112
  16. 16.
    Takada, M., Uemoto, K., Miyao, M., Matsuura, Y., Satoh, M., Takada, H.: Comparison of fixation distances in middle-aged subjects. Int. J. Biosci. Biochem. Bioinforma. 2, 389–394 (2013)zbMATHGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Masumi Takada
    • 1
    • 2
  • Masaki Sakai
    • 3
  • Masaru Miyao
    • 4
  • Hiroki Takada
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Chubugakuin UniversityGifuJapan
  2. 2.Aichi Medical UniversityAichiJapan
  3. 3.Graduate School of EngineeringUniversity of FukuiFukuiJapan
  4. 4.Graduate School of Information ScienceNagoya UniversityNagoyaJapan

Personalised recommendations