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Rhythmic Leaf Movements: Physiological and Molecular Aspects

Chapter

Abstract

Daily periodic plant leaf movements, known since antiquity, are dramatic manifestations of “osmotic motors” regulated by the endogenous biological clock and by light, perceived by phytochrome and, possibly, by phototropins . Both the reversible movements and their regulation usually occur in specialized motor leaf organs, pulvini. The movements result from opposing volume changes in two oppositely positioned parts of the pulvinus . Water fluxes into the motor cells in the swelling part and out of the motor cells in the concomitantly shrinking part are powered by ion fluxes into and out of these cells, and all of these fluxes occur through tightly regulated membranal proteins: pumps, carriers, and ion and water channels. This chapter attempts to piece together those findings and insights about this mechanism which have accumulated during the past two and a half decades.

Keywords

Salicylic Acid Blue Light Guard Cell Circadian Clock Leaf Movement 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgment

I am grateful for the illuminating comments on the previous version of this chapter from Dr. Virginia S. Berg. The errors, however, are entirely my own.

The work in my laboratory is supported by THE ISRAEL SCIENCE FOUNDATION (grant No 1312/12)

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The R.H. Smith Institute of Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, Faculty of Agriculture, Food and EnvironmentThe Hebrew University of JerusalemRehovotIsrael

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