Advertisement

Configuring Attention in the Multiscreen Living Room

  • John RooksbyEmail author
  • Timothy E. Smith
  • Alistair Morrison
  • Mattias Rost
  • Matthew Chalmers
Conference paper

Abstract

We have conducted a video study of households in Scotland with cohabiting students and young professionals. In this paper we unpack five examples of how mobile devices are used by people watching television. In the examples we explore how screens are used together (a) in a physical ecology, (b) in an embodied way, (c) in an orderly way, and (d) with respect to others. We point out that mobile devices are routinely used to access media that is unconnected and unrelated to media on television, for example for sending and receiving messages, browsing social media, and browsing websites. We suggest that mobile devices are not used to directly enhance television programmes, but to enhance leisure time. We suggest that it is important, when considering mobile devices as second screens, not just to treat these as a design topic, but to pay attention to how they are interactionally integrated into the living room.

Keywords

Mobile Phone Mobile Device Remote Control Social Medium Leisure Time 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was funded by EPSRC award EP/J007617/1 A Population Approach to Ubicomp System Design. We thank the anonymous reviews, Eric Laurier at the University of Edinburgh, and our colleagues in the ‘Populations’ research programme.

References

  1. Barnham, S., & Harrison, S. (2013). Designing for collocated couples. In C. Neustaedter, S. Harrison, & A. Sellen (Eds.), Connecting families. The impact of new communication technologies on domestic life (pp. 15–36). Berlin: Springer.Google Scholar
  2. Basapur, S. et al. (2012). FANFEEDS: Evaluation of socially generated information feed on second screen as a TV show companion. In Proceedings of EuroITV 2012, pp. 87–96.Google Scholar
  3. Bernhaupt, R. et al. (2008). Trends in the living room and beyond: Results from ethnographic studies using creative and playful probing. Computers in Entertainment (CIE), 6(1), 5.Google Scholar
  4. Brown, B., & Barkhuus, L. (2006). The television will be revolutionised: Effects of PVRs and filesharing on television watching. In Proceedings of ACM CHI06, pp. 663–666.Google Scholar
  5. Brown, B., McGregor, M., & Laurier, E. (2013). iPhone in Vivo: Video analysis of mobile device use. In Proceedings of ACM CHI ’13, pp. 1031–1040.Google Scholar
  6. Cesar, P., Bulterman, D., & Jansen, A. J. (2008). Usages of the secondary screen in an interactive television environment: Control, enrich, share, and transfer television content. EuroITV 2008.Google Scholar
  7. Courtois, C., & D’heer, E. (2012). Second screen applications and tablet users: Constellation, awareness, experience, and interest. EuroITV ’12.Google Scholar
  8. Crabtree, A., Rouncefield, M., & Tolmie, P. (2012). Doing design ethnography. Berlin: Springer.Google Scholar
  9. Crabtree, A., Tolmie, P. & Rouncefield M (2013). How many bloody examples do you want? Fieldwork and generalization. In Proceedings of ECSCW ’13, pp. 1–20.Google Scholar
  10. Crabtree, A., Rodden, T., Hemmings, T., & Benford, S. (2003). Finding a place for Ubicomp in the home. In Proceedings of Ubicomp ’03, pp. 208–226.Google Scholar
  11. Cruickshank, L., Tsekleves, E., Whitham, R., Hill, A., & Kondo, K. (2007). Making Interactive TV easier to use: Interface design for a second screen approach. The Design Journal, 10(3), 41–53.Google Scholar
  12. Eichner, S. (2014). Agency and media reception. Experiencing video games, film and television. Berlin: Springer.Google Scholar
  13. Fischer, J. E., Reeves, S., Moran, S., Greenhalgh, C., Benford, S., & Rennick-Egglestone, S. (2013). Understanding mobile notification management in collocated groups. In Proceedings of ECSCW ’13.Google Scholar
  14. Geerts, D., Cesar, P., & Bulterman, D. (2008). The implications of program genres for the design of social television systems. ACM uxTV ’08.Google Scholar
  15. Goodwin, M. H., & Goodwin, C. (2012). Car talk: Integrating texts, bodies, and changing landscapes. Semiotica 191(1/4), 257 – 286.Google Scholar
  16. Google. (2012). The new multiscreen world: Understanding cross-platform consumer behaviour. Think With Google Newsletter, August 2012.Google Scholar
  17. Harper, R. (Ed.). (2011). The connected home: The future of domestic life. London: Springer.Google Scholar
  18. Harper, R. (2010). Texture: Human expression in the age of communication overload. Cambridge: MIT.Google Scholar
  19. Heath, C., Sanchez Svensson, M., Hindmarsh, J., Luff, P., & Vom, Lehn D. (2002). Configuring awareness. Computer Supported Cooperative Work, 11(3–4), 2002.Google Scholar
  20. Hess, J., et al. (2011). Jumping between devices and services: Towards an integrated concept for social TV. In Proceedings of EuroITV ’11, pp. 11–20.Google Scholar
  21. Jokela, T., Ojala, J., & Olsson, T. (2015). A diary study on combining multiple information devices in everyday activities and tasks. In Proceedings of CHI ’15.Google Scholar
  22. Juhlin, O., & Önnevall, E. (2013). On the relation of ordinary gestures to TV screens. General lessons for the design of collaborative interactive techniques. In Proceedings of CHI ’13, pp. 919–930.Google Scholar
  23. Kendon, A. (1990). Conducting interaction. Patterns of behaviour in focused encounters. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  24. Laurier, E. (2014). The graphic transcript: Poaching comic book grammar for inscribing the visual, spatial and temporal aspects of action. Geography Compass, 8(4), 235–248.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Laurier, E., & Philo, C. (2006). Natural problems of naturalistic video data. In H. Knoblauch, J. Raab, H.-G. Soeffner, & B. Schnettler (Eds.), Video-analysis methodology and methods, qualitative audiovisual data analysis in sociology (pp. 183–192). Oxford: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
  26. Laurier, E., & Wiggins, S. (2011). Finishing the family meal: The interactional organisation of satiety. Appetite, 56(1), 53–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Lee, U., Lee, J., Ko, M., Lee, C., Kim, Y., Yang, S., Yatani, K., Gweon, G., Chung, K. M., & Song, J. (2014). Hooked on smartphones: An exploratory study of smartphone overuse among college students. In Proceedings of CHI 2014.Google Scholar
  28. Ley, B. et al. (2013). Impacts of new technologies on media usage and social behaviour in domestic environments. Behaviour and Information Technology, 33(8), 815–828.Google Scholar
  29. Ling, R., & Donner, J. (2009). Mobile communication. Polity.Google Scholar
  30. Mondada, L. (2009). The methodical organization of talking and eating: Assessments in dinner conversations. Food and Quality Preference, 20(8), 558–571.Google Scholar
  31. McGill, M., Williamson, J., & Brewster, S. (2014a). How to lose friends and alienate people: Sharing control of a single use TV system. In Proceedings of TVX ’14, pp. 147–154.Google Scholar
  32. McGill, M., Williamson, J., Brewster, S. (2014b). Mirror, mirror, on the wall: Collaborative screen-mirroring for small groups. In Proceedings of TVX ’14, pp. 87–94.Google Scholar
  33. Neustaedter, C., Harrison, S., & Sellen, A. (2012). Connecting families: An Introduction. In C. Neustaedter, S. Harrison, & A. Sellen (Eds.), Connecting families. The impact of new communication technologies on domestic life (pp. 1–14). Berlin: Springer.Google Scholar
  34. Nielsen. (2014). Cross platform report, Q1 2014. http://www.nielsen.com/. Accessed February 2015.
  35. O’Brien, J., Rodden, T., Rouncefield, M., & Hughes, J. (1999). At home with technology. An ethnographic study of a set-top box trial. Transactions on Human Computer Interaction (TOCHI), 6(3), 282–308.Google Scholar
  36. Ogonowski, C., et al. (2013). Designing for the living room: Long-term user involvement in a living lab. In Proceedings of CHI ’13, pp. 1539–1548.Google Scholar
  37. O’Hara, K., Massimi, M., Harper, R., Rubens, S., & Morris, J. (2014). Everyday dwelling with WhatsApp. In Proceedings of CSCW ’14, pp. 1131–1143.Google Scholar
  38. Pomerantz, A. (1984). Agreeing and disagreeing with assessments: Some features of preferred/dispreferred turn shapes. In J. M. Atkinson & J. Heritage (Eds.), Structures of social action (pp. 57–101). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  39. Rooksby, J. (2013). Does professional work need to be studied in a natural setting? A secondary analysis of a laboratory study of software developers. In Petre, M. & van der Hoek, (Eds.). Software designers in action. A human centric look at design work. Chapman Hall: CRC Press.Google Scholar
  40. Schegloff, E. (1969). Sequence in conversational openings. American Anthropology, 70, 1075–1095.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Schirra, S., Huan, S., Bentley, F. (2014). Together alone: Motivations for live-tweeting a television series. In Proceedings of CHI ’14.Google Scholar
  42. Shove, E. (2003). Comfort cleanliness and convenience: The social organisation of normality. Oxford: Berg.Google Scholar
  43. Shove, E. (2007). The design of everyday life. Oxford: Berg.Google Scholar
  44. Stokoe, E. (2012). Moving forward with membership categorization analysis: Methods for systematic analysis. Discourse Studies, 14(3), 277–303.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Tolmie, P., Crabtree, A., Rodden, T., & Benford, S. (2008). Are you watching this or what? Interruption and the juggling of cohorts. In Proceedings of ACM CSCW ’08.Google Scholar
  46. Tolmie, P. (2013). Everyday intimacy. Saarbrücken: Lambert Academic Publishing.Google Scholar
  47. Tolmie, P., Pycock, J., Diggins, T., MacLean, A., & Karsenty, A. (2002). Unremarkable computing. In Proceedings of CHI ’02, pp. 399–406.Google Scholar
  48. Turkle, S. (2011). Alone together. Why we expect more from technology and less from each other. Basic Books, 2011.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Rooksby
    • 1
    Email author
  • Timothy E. Smith
    • 2
  • Alistair Morrison
    • 1
  • Mattias Rost
    • 1
  • Matthew Chalmers
    • 1
  1. 1.University of GlasgowGlasgowUK
  2. 2.University of EdinburghEdinburghUK

Personalised recommendations