Shallow Landslide Hazard Mapping for Davao Oriental, Philippines, Using a Deterministic GIS Model
- 1.2k Downloads
Davao Oriental located at 7°30′N and 126°50′E is one of the many landslide-prone provinces in the Philippines experiencing severe rainfall throughout the year. With the increase in population and other infrastructural developments, it is necessary to map the landslide potential of the area, to assure the safety of the people and delineate suitable land for development. In order to produce rainfall-induced shallow landslide hazard maps, Stability Index Mapping (SINMAP) was used over a 5-m interferometric synthetic aperture radar (IFSAR)-derived digital terrain model (DTM). SINMAP is based on the infinite slope stability model. Topographic, soil geotechnical, and hydrologic parameters (cohesion, angle of friction, bulk density, infiltration rate, and hydraulic transmissivity) were assigned to each pixel of the DTM with the total area of 5,164.5 km2 to compute for the corresponding factor of safety. The landslide hazard maps generated using SINMAP are found to be accurate when compared to the landslide inventory from 2003 to 2013. The landslide susceptibility classification was translated to zoning maps indicating areas that are safe from shallow landslides, areas that can be built upon with slope intervention and monitoring, and the no-build areas. These maps complement the structurally controlled landslide, debris flow, and other natural hazard maps that are being prepared to aid proper zoning for residential and infrastructural developments.
KeywordsLandslide Hazard mapping Deterministic model Philippines Davao Oriental Natural hazards
We would like to thank the creators of SINMAP (Pack et al.) for making this program available to the research and development community and communicating with us in the early stages. We also thank the National Mapping and Resource Information Authority (NAMRIA) for the IFSAR DTM used in this simulation. Funding for the project titled Enhancing Landslide Hazard Maps Through LIDAR and Other High Resolution Imageries is from the Department of Science and Technology (DOST), government of the Philippines.
DOST Project NOAH is a program implemented by the Philippine government to assess the different hazards present in the Philippines. Assessment of flood, landslide, and storm surge hazards is part of the program. Completed maps are to be added to the NOAH website (www.noah.dost.gov.ph) for free access to the general public to aid in the information dissemination to reduce effects of meteorological hazards in the country. The website, in partnership with PAGASA, also displays various weather sensors and visualizations to aid in the understanding of weather data.
- Baum RL, Savage WZ, Godt JW (2008) TRIGRS—A Fortran program for transient rainfall infiltration and grid-based regional slope-stability analysis, version 2.0: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report, 2008–1159, p 75Google Scholar
- Felicisimo M, Cuartero A, Remondo J, Quirós E (2013) Mapping landslide susceptibility with logistic regression, multiple adaptive regression splines, classification and regression trees, and maximum entropy methods: a comparative study. Landslides 10(2):175–189. doi: 10.1007/s10346-012-0320-1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Hammond C, Hall D, Miller S, Swetik P (1992) Level I Stability Analysis (LISA) Documentation for Version 2.0 (General technical Report INT-285). http://forest.moscowfsl.wsu.edu/cgi-bin/engr/library/searchpub.pl?pub=1992a. Accessed 16 Jun 2014
- Lagmay AMF (2012) Disseminating near-real time hazards information and flood maps in the Philippines through web-GIS. Project NOAH Open File Reports. V1:21–36: ISSN-23627409Google Scholar
- MGB Geoportal (2010) Landslide hazard map of Davao Oriental, Mines and Geosciences Bureau Geoportal. http://gdis.denr.gov.ph/mgbviewer/. Accessed 4 Jun 2014
- MGB-UNDP (2004, March) Manual for standardization, geohazard mapping program. Mines and Geosciences Bureau project, funded by the United Nations Development Program, Montgomery DR, Dietrich WE (1994) A physically based model for the topographic control on shallow landsliding. Water Resour Res 30(4):1153–1171. doi: 10.1029/93WR02979 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Orense R (2004) Slope failures triggered by heavy rainfall. Philipp Eng J 25(2):73–90. http://journals.upd.edu.ph/index.php/pej/article/view/2343. Accessed 5 Apr 2014
- Pack RT, Tarboton DG, Goodwin CN (1998) Terrain stability mapping with SINMAP, technical description and users guide for version 1.00, Report number 4114-0, Terratech Consulting, Salmon Arm, BC, CanadaGoogle Scholar
- Pack RT, Tarboton DG, Goodwin CN, Prasad A (2005) SINMAP 2- A stability index approach to terrain stability mapping. Utah State University. http://hydrology.usu.edu/sinmap2/. Accessed 5 May 2013
- Witt AC (2005) Using a GIS (Geographic Information System) to model slope instability and debris flow hazards in the French Board river watershed. Thesis, North Carolina State University. http://repository.lib.ncsu.edu/ir/bitstream/1840.16/552/1/etd.pdf. Accessed 6 Oct 2014