Isotope Fractionation Processes of Selected Elements

  • Jochen Hoefs


The foundations of stable isotope geochemistry were laid in 1947 by Urey’s classic paper on the thermodynamic properties of isotopic substances and by Nier’s development of the ratio mass spectrometer. Before discussing details of the naturally occurring variations in stable isotope ratios, it is useful to describe some generalities that are pertinent to the field of non-radiogenic isotope geochemistry as a whole.


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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Abt. IsotopengeologieUniversität Göttingen Geowissenschaftliches ZentrumGöttingenGermany

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