Lithium Batteries

  • Christian Julien
  • Alain Mauger
  • Ashok Vijh
  • Karim Zaghib


First attempts to create batteries using an ion other than the proton were done in the 1970s with the fabrication of lithium primary cells. It was the fast development of the electronic devices that pouch electrochemists in the new world of lithium. After primary cells came secondary (rechargeable) lithium batteries in the 1980s. Innovations and advances in insertion electrode materials have improved the stored energy compared with other systems. For half-a-century, lithium batteries are increasingly used in a huge number of applications from watches, portable electronics to electric transportation and stationary grid storage. While older technologies such as Zn-MnO2, lead-acid, and Ni-Cd are still used, the increasing battery market is now dominated by Li-ion batteries. The purpose of this chapter is to introduce the technologies of primary and secondary lithium electrochemical cells with a special focus on lithium-ion batteries and lithium-metal polymer batteries.


Polymer Electrolyte Lower Unoccupied Molecular Orbital Solid Electrolyte Interphase Lithium Cell Secondary Lithium Batterie 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christian Julien
    • 1
  • Alain Mauger
    • 2
  • Ashok Vijh
    • 3
  • Karim Zaghib
    • 3
  1. 1.Physicochimie des Electrolytes et Nanosystèmes Interfaciaux (PHENIX) UMR 8234Sorbonne Universités UPMC Univ. Paris 06ParisFrance
  2. 2.Institut de Minéralogie, de Physique des Matériaux et de Cosmochimie (IMPMC) Muséum d’Histoire Naturelle, Institut de Recherche pour le Développement IRD UMR 7590 et 206Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 06ParisFrance
  3. 3.Institut de Recherches d’Hydro-Québec (IREQ)QuebecCanada

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