Advertisement

An Agent-Based Model for the Role of Social Support in Mood Regulation

  • A. H. Abro
  • M. C. A. Klein
  • S. A. TabatabaeiEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 524)

Abstract

In this paper, a computational model of a human agent is presented which describes the effect of social support on mood. According to the literature, social support can either refer to the social resources that individuals perceive to be available or to the support that is actually provided in problematic situations. The proposed model distinguishes between both roles of social support. Simulation experiments are done to analyze the effect of the different types of support in different scenarios. It is shown that support can help to reduce the induced stress and thus can contribute to healthy mood regulation and prevention of depression. This presented model provides a basis for an intelligent support system for people with mood regulation problems that take the social network of people into account.

Keywords

Social support Stress buffering Human ambient agent 

References

  1. 1.
    Cohen, S.: Psychosocial models of the role of social support in the etiology of physical disease. Health Psychol. 7, 269–297 (1988)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Aneshensel, C.S., Frerichs, R.R.: Stress, support, and depression: a longitudinal causal model. J. Commun. Psychol. 10, 363–376 (1982)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Grav, S., Hellzèn, O., Romild, U., Stordal, E.: Association between social support and depression in the general population: the HUNT study, a cross-sectional survey. J. Clin. Nurs. 21, 111–120 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    House, J.S., Kahn, R.L.: Measures and concepts of social support. In: Cohen, S., Syme, S.L. (eds.) Social Support and Health, pp. 83–108. Academic Press, Orlando (1985)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Cohen, S., Wills, T.A.: Stress, social support, and the buffering hypothesis. Psychol. Bull. 98, 310–357 (1985)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Glanz, B.K., Lewis, K., Rimer, F.M.: Health Behavior and Health Education: Theory, Research and Practice. Wiley, San Francisco (2002)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    House, J.S.: Work Stress And Social Support. Addison-Wesley, Reading (1981)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    S. Cohen and S. L. Syme, "Issues in the study and application of social support,” in Social support and health, vol. 3, 1985, pp. 3–22Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Cohen, S., Syme, S.L.: Social Support and hEalth, pp. 3–22. Academic Press, New York (1985)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Lazarus, R.S.: Psychological Stress and the Coping Process, p. 466. McGraw-Hill, New York (1966)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Lazarus, R.S., Launier, R.S.: Stress-related transactions between persons and environment. In: Pervin, L.A., Lewis, M. (eds.) Perspectives in Interactional Psychology, pp. 287–327. Plenum, New York (1978)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Garber, M.E.P., Seligman, J.: Human Helplessness: Theory and Applications. Academic Press, New York (1980)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Turner, R.J.: Direct and indirect moderating effects of social support upon psychological distress and associated conditions. In: Kaplan, H.B. (ed.) Psychosocial Stress: Trends in Theory and Research, pp. 105–156. Academic Press, New York (1983)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Both, F., Hoogendoorn, M., Klein, M.C., Treur, J.: Modeling the dynamics of mood and depression. In: Proceeding of ECAI’08, pp. 266–270 (2008)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Cohen, S., Underwood, L., Gottlieb, B.H.: Social Support Measurement and Intervention: A Guide for Health and Social Scientists, p. 334. Oxford University Press, Oxford (2000)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Wethington, E., Kessler, R.C.: Perceived support, received support, and adjustment to stressful life events. J. Health Soc. Behav. 27, 78–89 (1986)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Uchino, B.N., Cacioppo, J.T., Kiecolt-Glaser, J.K.: The relationship between social support and physiological processes: a review with emphasis on underlying mechanisms and implications for health. Psychol. Bull. 119, 488–531 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Thoits, P.A.: Social support as coping assistance. J. Consult. Clin. Psychol. 54, 416–423 (1986)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. H. Abro
    • 1
  • M. C. A. Klein
    • 1
  • S. A. Tabatabaei
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Artificial Intelligence SectionVrije Universiteit AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations