Online Control of Enumeration Strategies via Bat-Inspired Optimization

  • Ricardo Soto
  • Broderick Crawford
  • Rodrigo Olivares
  • Franklin Johnson
  • Fernando Paredes
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9108)


Constraint programming allows to solve constraint satisfaction and optimization problems by building and then exploring a search tree of potential solutions. Potential solutions are generated by firstly selecting a variable and then a value from the given problem. The enumeration strategy is responsible for selecting the order in which those variables and values are selected to produce a potential solution. There exist different ways to perform this selection, and depending on the quality of this decision, the efficiency of the solving process may dramatically vary. A modern idea to handle this concern, is to interleave during solving time a set of different strategies instead of using a single one. The strategies are evaluated according to process indicators in order to use the most promising one on each part of the search process. This process is known as online control of enumeration strategies and its correct configuration can be seen itself as an optimization problem. In this paper, we present a new system for online control of enumeration strategies based on bat-inspired optimization. The bat algorithm is a relatively modern metaheuristic based on the location behavior of bats that employ echoes to identify the objects in their surrounding area. We illustrate, promising results where the proposed bat algorithm is able to outperform previously reported metaheuristic-based approaches for online control of enumeration strategies.


Constraint Programming Constraint Satisfaction Problems Swarm Intelligence Bat Algorithm 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ricardo Soto
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Broderick Crawford
    • 1
    • 4
    • 5
  • Rodrigo Olivares
    • 1
  • Franklin Johnson
    • 6
  • Fernando Paredes
    • 7
  1. 1.Pontificia Universidad Católica de ValparaísoValparaisoChile
  2. 2.Universidad Autónoma de ChileSantiagoChile
  3. 3.Universidad Central de ChileSantiagoChile
  4. 4.Universidad Finis TerraeSantiagoChile
  5. 5.Universidad San SebastiánBío BíoChile
  6. 6.Universidad de Playa AnchaValparaísoChile
  7. 7.Escuela de Ingeniería IndustrialUniversidad Diego PortalesSantiagoChile

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