Lyme Disease

  • Danya Reich
  • Corinna Eleni Psomadakis
  • Bobby Buka
Chapter

Abstract

Lyme disease is an infectious disease caused by the Borrelia spirochetes, which are transmitted by Ixodes ticks, and it is endemic in the northeastern States of the USA. The disease most often causes a distinct rash known as erythema migrans, nonspecific flu-like symptoms, and arthralgia. Lyme disease is treated with a 14-day course of oral antibiotics (typically doxycycline). Untreated Lyme disease can lead to neurological and, rarely, cardiovascular complications. The majority of patients experience rash resolution within a few weeks and other symptom resolution within a few months of initiating treatment.

Keywords

Erythema migrans Lyme Lyme disease Borreliosis Borrelia burgdorferi Borrelia Spirochete Reactive arthritis Ixodes Ticks Deer tick Ixodes scapularis Babesiosis Vector-borne Tick-borne Arthralgia Chronic Lyme disease Post-treatment Lyme disease syndrome Antibiotics Doxycycline Bell’s palsy Trigeminal neuralgia 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Open Access This chapter is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License, which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Danya Reich
    • 1
  • Corinna Eleni Psomadakis
    • 2
  • Bobby Buka
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Family MedicineMount Sinai School of Medicine Attending Mount Sinai Doctors/Beth Israel Medical Group-WilliamsburgBrooklynUSA
  2. 2.School of Medicine Imperial College LondonLondonUK
  3. 3.Department of DermatologyMount Sinai School of MedicineNew YorkUSA

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