Thermal Scald Burn
A 39-year-old female patient presented to the Primary Care clinic for treatment of a burn injury she sustained while transferring a boiling pot of water. Over one million burn injuries occur in the USA annually, the majority of which are minor burns that are treated on an outpatient basis. The management of burn injuries depends on the site of injury and thickness of the wound. This patient’s burn was classified as a partial-thickness burn, which involves the epidermis and part of the dermis. Partial-thickness burns tend to blister initially, eventually become moist and weeping, and typically resolve within 7–21 days. Partial-thickness burns are treated with topical antibiotics and non-adherent dressing, such as hydrogel dressing. Burn wounds should be reevaluated after a week to ensure proper healing without signs of infection or cellulitis.
KeywordsBurn Scald Blister Cellulitis Partial-thickness Full-thickness Thermoregulation Hydrogel Hydrocolloid Dressing Topical antibiotic
- 1.Burn incidence and treatment in the United States: 2013 Fact Sheet [Internet]. 2014 [cited 2015 Jan 20]. Available from: http://www.ameriburn.org/resources_factsheet.php
- 2.Bessey PQ, Phillips BD, Lentz CW, Edelman LS, Faraklas I, Finocchiaro MA, Kemalyan NA, Klein MB, Miller SF, Mosier MJ, Potenza BM, Reigart CL, Browning SM, Kiley MT, Krichbaum JA. Synopsis of the 2013 annual report of the National Burn Repository. J Burn Care Res. 2014;35(2):S218–34.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- 3.Gabbe BJ, Watterson DM, Singer Y, Darton A. Outpatient presentations to burn centers: data from the Burns Registry of Australia and New Zealand outpatient pilot project. Burns. 2014;pii: S0305-4179(14)00416-1.Google Scholar
- 4.Riedlinger DI, Jennings PA, Edgar DW, Harvey JG, Cleland MH, Wood FM, Cameron PA. Scald burns in children aged 14 and younger in Australia and New Zealand—an analysis based on the burn registry of Australia and New Zealand (BRANZ). Burns. 2014;pii: S0305-4179(14)00255-1.Google Scholar
- 5.Wasiak J, Cleland H, Campbell F, Spinks A. Dressings for superficial and partial thickness burns (Review). Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013;3, CD002106.Google Scholar
- 6.Barajas-Nava LA, López-Alcalde J, Roqué i Figuls M, Solà I, Bonfill Cosp X. Antibiotic prophylaxis for preventing burn wound infection. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013;6, CD008738.Google Scholar
Open Access This chapter is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License, which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.