Cellulitis

  • Danya Reich
  • Corinna Eleni Psomadakis
  • Bobby Buka
Chapter

Abstract

Cellulitis is a soft tissue infection that can complicate wounds, ulcers, surgical sites, or breaks in the skin. Gram-positive pathogens are typically the causative agents of these superficial infections. Cellulitis can be distinguished from other superficial bacterial infections as it has a very rapid onset, and results in edematous, tender, erythematous skin. Cellulitis most commonly affects the lower limbs. The boundaries of inflammation should be traced with a marker in order to monitor any spread, and the infection is treated with oral antibiotics. Obesity, chronic edema, smoking, and history of cancer are known risk factors for recurrence of cellulitis. Elevating the legs, wearing compression socks, and eradicating any bacterial reservoirs in the axilla, groin, and nares can help minimize the risk of recurrence.

Keywords

Cellulitis Bacteria Erysipelas Infection Soft tissue MRSA Wound Ulcer Staph Strep Staphylococcus Streptococcus Exudate Antibiotic Compression socks 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Open Access This chapter is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License, which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Danya Reich
    • 1
  • Corinna Eleni Psomadakis
    • 2
  • Bobby Buka
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Family MedicineMount Sinai School of Medicine Attending Mount Sinai Doctors/Beth Israel Medical Group-WilliamsburgBrooklynUSA
  2. 2.School of Medicine Imperial College LondonLondonUK
  3. 3.Department of DermatologyMount Sinai School of MedicineNew YorkUSA

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