Analysing an Academic Field through the Lenses of Internet Science: Digital Humanities as a Virtual Community

  • Alkim Almila Akdag Salah
  • Andrea Scharnhorst
  • Sally Wyatt
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9089)

Abstract

Digital Humanities (DH) has been depicted as an innovative engine for humanities, as a challenge for Data Science, and as an area where libraries, archives and providers of e-research infrastructures join forces with research pioneers. However DH is defined, one thing is certain: DH is a new community which manifests and identifies itself via the Internet and social media. In this paper we propose to describe DH as a virtual community (VC), and discuss the implications of such an epistemic approach. We start with a (re)inspection of the scholarly discourse about VCs, and the analytic frameworks which have been applied to study them. We discuss the aspects that are highlighted by taking such a stance, and use the guidelines proposed by the FP7 European Network of Excellence in Internet Science (EINS) in our investigation.

Keywords

Virtual communities Emergence of new scientific fields Network analysis Digital humanities Bibliometrics 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    de Solla Price, D.J., Beaver, D.: Collaboration in an invisible college. American Psychologist 21(11), 1011 (1966)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Rheingold, H.: The virtual community: Homesteading on the electronic frontier. Perseus Books (1993)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Wellman, B., Gulia, M.: Net surfers don’t ride alone: Virtual communities as communities. Networks in the Global Village, 331–366 (1999)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Koopman, R., Wang, S., Scharnhorst, A., Englebienne, G.: Ariadne’s thread: Interactive navigation in a world of networked information. In: CHI 2015 Extended Abstracts (2015)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Rafols, I., Porter, A.L., Leydesdorff, L.: Science overlay maps: A new tool for research policy and library management. Journal of the American Society for information Science and Technology 61(9), 1871–1887 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Chiu, C.M., Hsu, M.H., Wang, E.T.: Understanding knowledge sharing in virtual communities: An integration of social capital and social cognitive theories. Decision Support Systems 42(3), 1872–1888 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Stokburger-Sauer, N.E., Wiertz, C.: Online consumption communities: An introduction. Psychology & Marketing 32(3), 235–239 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Svensson, P.: The landscape of digital humanities. Digital Humanities Quarterly 4 (2010)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Terras, M., Nyhan, J., Vanhoutte, E.: Defining digital humanities: A reader. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. (2013)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Busa, R.A.: Foreword: Perspectives on the digital humanities. In: Schreibman, S., Siemens, R., Unsworth, J. (eds.) A Companion to Digital Humanities, pp. 187–188. Blackwell Publishing Inc. (2004)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Bod, R.: A new history of the humanities: The search for principles and patterns from antiquity to the present. Oxford University Press (2014)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Wyatt, S., Millen, D. (eds.): Meaning and Perspectives in the Digital Humanities. Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (2014)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Akdag Salah, A.A., Scharnhorst, A., Leydesdorff, L.: Mapping the flow of digital humanities. In: Digital Humanities Conference (DH 2010). Kings College, London (2010)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Leydesdorff, L., Salah, A.A.A.: Maps on the basis of the arts & humanities citation index: The journals leonardo and art journal versus digital humanities as a topic. Journal of the American Society for information Science and Technology 61(4), 787–801 (2010)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Wyatt, S., Leydesdorff, L.: e-humanities or digital humanities: Is that the question? In: Digital Humanities Workshop (2013)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Leydesdorff, L., Wagner, C.S.: International collaboration in science and the formation of a core group. Journal of Informetrics 2(4), 317–325 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Borgman, C.L.: Scholarship in the digital age. MIT Press (2007)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Wouters, P., Beaulieu, A., Scharnhorst, A., Wyatt, S.: Virtual knowledge: experimenting in the humanities and the social sciences. MIT Press (2013)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Marsden, C., David-Barrett, T., Pavan, E., Ciurcine, M., Arata, G., Mantelero, A., Brown, B., McMillan, D., Cave, J., Trossen, D., Pierson, J., Talboom, S., Passarella, A., Antoniadis, P., Rouncefield, M., Karaliopoulos, M.: Deliverable 6.1: Overview of user needs analysis, plus draft catalogue of design responses to needs analysis (2013)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    McCarty, W.: Humanities computing: essential problems, experimental practice. Literary and Linguistic Computing 17(1), 103–125 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alkim Almila Akdag Salah
    • 1
  • Andrea Scharnhorst
    • 1
  • Sally Wyatt
    • 1
  1. 1.eHumanities Group, Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and SciencesAmsterdamThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations