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Cryoglobulinemia

  • Badri Modi
Chapter

Abstract

Cold-precipitating intravascular proteins (cryoglobulins) can cause vaso-occlusive “sludging” and small vessel clot formation (vasculopathy); cryoglobulins (types II and III) may fix complement and cause an inflammatory response (vasculitis).

Keywords

Cryoglobulinemia Cryofibrinogenemia Cryos Mixed cryoglobulin Vasculitis Vasculopathy 

Suggested Readings

  1. 1.
    Motyckova G, Murali M. Laboratory testing for cryoglobulins. Am J Hematol. 2011;86(6):500–2.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Retamozo S, Brito-Zerón P, Bosch X, Stone JH, Ramos-Casals M. Cryoglobulinemic disease. Oncology. 2013;27(1098–1105):1110–6.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Badri Modi
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of DermatologyCity of HopeDuarteUSA

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