Extreme Co-design: Prototyping with and by the User for Appropriation of Web-connected Tags

  • Andrea BellucciEmail author
  • Giulio Jacucci
  • Veera Kotkavuori
  • Bariş Serim
  • Imtiaj Ahmed
  • Salu Ylirisku
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9083)


We describe a field prototyping project where open-ended prototype tools for web-connected tags are weekly co-designed and programmed with and by the user. We call this approach Extreme Co-design to denote how design is inscribed in Extreme Programming sessions with rapid cycles of use, design and development that allow extensive exploration and experiencing of appropriation scenarios. Such an approach is particularly suited for repurposing malleable technologies such as RFID/NFC, which can take a variety of affordances and be applied for many uses, in particular acknowledging trends such as composition at end-user level of web functionality. We analyse the results of a one-month field work highlighting how to document explored ideas, appropriation scenarios, use try-outs, developed features and gained insights. We discuss this successful approach as a design tactic for unfinished products to foster end-users’ creativity through situated use and show how Extreme Programming and in-situ deployment supported meaningful designer-user interactions that resulted in the advancement of the initial design.


Appropriation Field study Co-design Extreme programming In-situ deployment 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrea Bellucci
    • 1
    Email author
  • Giulio Jacucci
    • 2
    • 3
  • Veera Kotkavuori
    • 3
  • Bariş Serim
    • 3
    • 4
  • Imtiaj Ahmed
    • 3
  • Salu Ylirisku
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceUniversidad Carlos III de MadridMadridSpain
  2. 2.Helsinki Institute for Information Technology HIITAalto UniversityEspooFinland
  3. 3.HIIT, Department of Computer ScienceUniversity of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland
  4. 4.School of Arts, Design and ArchitectureAalto UniversityEspooFinland

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