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Spin and Quadrupole Contributions to the Motion of Astrophysical Binaries

  • Jan SteinhoffEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Fundamental Theories of Physics book series (FTPH, volume 179)

Abstract

Compact objects in general relativity approximately move along geodesics of spacetime. It is shown that the corrections to geodesic motion due to spin (dipole), quadrupole, and higher multipoles can be modeled by an extension of the point mass action. The quadrupole contributions are discussed in detail for astrophysical objects like neutron stars or black holes. Implications for binaries are analyzed for a small mass ratio situation. There quadrupole effects can encode information about the internal structure of the compact object, e.g., in principle they allow a distinction between black holes and neutron stars, and also different equations of state for the latter. Furthermore, a connection between the relativistic oscillation modes of the object and a dynamical quadrupole evolution is established.

Notes

Acknowledgments

I am indebted to all of my collaborators contributing directly or indirectly to the material presented here: Sayan Chakrabarti, Trence Delsate, Norman Gürlebeck, Johannes Hartung, Steven Hergt, Dirk Puetzfeld, Gerhard Schäfer, and Manuel Tessmer. This work was supported by DFG (Germany) through projects STE 2017/1-1 and STE 2017/2-1, and by FCT (Portugal) through projects SFRH/BI/52132/2013 and PCOFUND-GA-2009-246542 (co-funded by Marie Curie Actions).

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centro Multidisciplinar de Astrofísica (CENTRA)Instituto Superior Técnico (IST)LisbonPortugal

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