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Deletions and Node Reconstructions in a Dependency-Based Multilevel Annotation Scheme

  • Jan HajičEmail author
  • Eva Hajičová
  • Marie Mikulová
  • Jiří Mírovský
  • Jarmila Panevová
  • Daniel Zeman
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9041)

Abstract

The aim of the present contribution is to put under scrutiny the ways in which the so-called deletions of elements in the surface shape of the sentence are treated in syntactically annotated corpora and to attempt at a categorization of deletions within a multilevel annotation scheme. We explain first (Sect. 1) the motivations of our research into this matter and in Sect. 2 we briefly overview how deletions are treated in some of the advanced annotation schemes for different languages. The core of the paper is Sect. 3, which is devoted to the treatment of deletions and node reconstructions on the two syntactic levels of annotation of the annotation scheme of the Prague Dependency Treebank (PDT). After a short account of PDT relevant for the issue under discussion (Sect. 3.1) and of the treatment of deletions at the level of surface structure of sentences (Sect. 3.2), we concentrate on selected types of reconstructions of the deleted items on the underlying (tectogrammatical) level of PDT (Sect. 3.3). In Section 3.4 we present some statistical data that offer a stimulating and encouraging ground for further investigations, both for linguistic theory and annotation practice. The results and the advantages of the approach applied and further perspectives are summarized in Sect. 4.

Keywords

Surface Shape Annotation Scheme Annotate Corpus Lexical Unit Syntactic Level 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jan Hajič
    • 1
    Email author
  • Eva Hajičová
    • 1
  • Marie Mikulová
    • 1
  • Jiří Mírovský
    • 1
  • Jarmila Panevová
    • 1
  • Daniel Zeman
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Institute of Formal and Applied LinguisticsCharles University in PraguePragueCzech Republic

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