• Omer EnginEmail author
  • Mebrure Evnur Uyar
  • Oguzhan Sunamak
  • Fuat Ipekci


Colonoscopy is the process of investigating the entire lumen of the large intestine, from the rectum to the cecum, for diagnosis and treatment. Specially developed flexible tools, with a light and camera on the tip, are used. Although colonoscopy is an invasive intervention, today it is a reliable and indispensable diagnostic procedure when it is performed by an experienced person or team with good equipment. For the detection of colon polyps and malignancies, it is more sensitive and specific than double-contrast barium enema, computed tomography, and virtual colonoscopy. It is a gold standard in the diagnosis and treatment of many diseases, such as lower gastrointestinal bleeding, polyps, and colon tumors. Unlike tomography, it does not require large machines or facilities and can be performed in an office or an endoscopy center. The importance of colonoscopy has become increasingly evident from the first application to the present day. An increasing number of colonoscopies are being performed, and more people are benefiting from colonoscopic examination.


Ulcerative Colitis Irritable Bowel Syndrome Sigmoid Colon Ischemic Colitis Medullary Thyroid Cancer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Omer Engin
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mebrure Evnur Uyar
    • 2
  • Oguzhan Sunamak
    • 3
  • Fuat Ipekci
    • 4
  1. 1.Surgery DepartmentBuca Seyfi Demirsoy State HospitalIzmirTurkey
  2. 2.Emergency DepartmentBuca Seyfi Demirsoy State HospitalIzmirTurkey
  3. 3.Surgery DepartmentHaydarpasa Numune Training and Research HospitalIstanbulTurkey
  4. 4.Surgery DepartmentTepecik Training and Research HospitalIzmirTurkey

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