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Cryptic Female Choice Within the Genus Argiope: A Comparative Approach

  • Jutta SchneiderEmail author
  • Gabriele Uhl
  • Marie E. Herberstein
Chapter

Abstract

The orb-web spider genus Argiope (Araneae ) offers an excellent opportunity to detect cryptic female choice and to identify the species-specific traits that might lead to its evolution and maintenance. All studied species of the genus Argiope are characterized by low male mating rates . While males of some species are strictly mono- or bigynous , others plastically switch between these two strategies. All studied species show sexual cannibalism during copulation. Generally, males die after their second copulation, but the probability of surviving the first copulation differs considerably between species and so does copulation duration . Males of most species break off pieces of their genitalia during copulation that act as mating plugs, but how often this occurs and how effective these plugs are is highly variable. Females that mate multiply can influence the relative paternity success of males through their partial control of copulation duration and their likely control of sperm storage . There is evidence that females cryptically favor small males over large ones, unrelated males over siblings, and males that courted over those that do not. We will sketch variation within and between species in mating systems and related traits, and we will discuss how this relates to cryptic female choice . We will review the existing evidence for cryptic female choice and suggest future avenues in elucidating possible mechanisms that facilitate cryptic female choice and the cues that females may base their choices on.

Keywords

Sperm Storage Sperm Transfer Copulation Duration Genital Opening Cryptic Female Choice 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jutta Schneider
    • 1
    Email author
  • Gabriele Uhl
    • 2
  • Marie E. Herberstein
    • 3
  1. 1.Zoological Institute, Biozentrum GrindelUniversity of HamburgHamburgGermany
  2. 2.Zoological Institute and Museum, General and Systematic ZoologyUniversity of GreifswaldGreifswaldGermany
  3. 3.Department of Biological SciencesMacquarie UniversitySydneyAustralia

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